Vocabulary - Making Nouns Plural (1)
This Spanish Easy Review vocabulary quiz takes a first look at making nouns plural.
At this point your Spanish vocabulary list is already quite massive but, for the most part, you have only learned how to say Spanish nouns in their singular form. Like English, words in Spanish are singular as well as plural. In addition, if the noun is plural, it will generally end in the letter 's'.
There are a few rules to follow that will help you to know how to change a Spanish noun over to the plural form.
These rules are as follows.
Nouns in Spanish are made plural by adding an 's' if the word ends in a vowel
- señorita (singular) → señoritas (plural)
- tío (singular) → tíos (plural)
If the word ends in a consonant, it is made plural by adding 'es'
- señor (singular) → señores (plural)
- mujer (singular) → mujeres (plural)
When a noun ends in ión, add 'es' and remove the accent mark over the 'o'
- avión (plane) (singular) → aviones (planes) (plural)
When a noun ends in the letter 'n' or 's' and an accent mark is in the last syllable of the singular form of the word, the accent mark gets dropped in the plural form of the word and you add the letters 'es'
- cinturón (belt) (singular) → cinturones (belts) (plural)
When a noun ends in the letter 'z', the 'z' changes to a 'c' and then you add an 'es'
- lápiz (pencil) (singular) → lápices (pencils) (plural)
Below is a list of ten vocabulary words given in their singular format. From the answers below the noun, see if you can locate the correct plural version of that Spanish noun.