UKUK USUSIndiaIndia
Fun Learning and Revision for KS1, KS2, 11-Plus, KS3 and GCSE
Join Us
Geology - Mountains
This mountain is one of the main locations for ice climbing in the UK.

Geology - Mountains

Mountains occur on every continent of earth and also beneath the oceans. In fact, some of the highest mountains are at the bottom of the sea. Mountains cover one-fifth of the earth's land surface. Over half of the world's fresh water originates in mountains, and all the world's major rivers are fed from mountain sources. As you may know, Mount Everest is the highest mountain on earth. However, the highest known mountain in the Solar System is in fact on Mars. It is over 69,000 ft high which is twice as high as Everest!

Why do people climb a mountain? Because it's there!!

Please do click on the images to enlarge them.

To see a larger image, click on the picture.
1.
What is the name of this mountain?
Photograph courtesy of Dave.Dunford
Pen y Fan
Pumlumon Fawr
K2
Cross Fell
  • Elevation: 886 m (2,907 ft)
  • Prominence: c. 671 m (2,201 ft)
  • Located in Brecons Beacons National Park
  • Used by the military to select the Special Forces recruits.
  • There is no lake at the base of this mountain.
  • It has a paved path virtually all the way to the top.
2.
What is the name of this mountain?
Photograph courtesy of Stemonitis
Carrauntoohil
Scafell Pike
Kinder Scout
Ben Nevis
  • Elevation: 636 m (2,088 ft)
  • Prominence: 488 m (1,601 ft)
  • A high upland gritstone plateau.
  • Located in the beautiful Peak District in Derbyshire.
  • On the west, a river flows straight off the edge in a stunning waterfall.
  • The village it is named after was included in the Domesday Book.
  • A popular hiking location and is owned by the National Trust.
3.
What is the name of this mountain?
Photograph courtesy of Thincat
Ben Nevis
Mont Blanc
Pen y Fan
Snowdon
  • Elevation: 1,344 m (4,409 ft)
  • Prominence: 1,344 m (4,409 ft)
  • Ranked 1st in British Isles
  • Attracts approximately 250,000 visitors a year.
  • There is a 16 km (9.9 miles) race every September which involves 1,340 metres (4,400 ft) of ascent.
  • It is one of the main locations for ice climbing in the UK.
4.
What is the name of this mountain?
Photograph courtesy of Hedley Thorne
Kinder Scout
Slieve Donard
Scafell Pike
Matterhorn
  • Elevation: 978 m (3,209 ft)
  • Prominence: 912 m (2,992 ft)
  • Ranked 13th in British Isles
  • It is the highest mountain in England.
  • One of the British peaks climbed in the National Three Peaks Challenge.
  • In the 18th Century, locals used to guide walkers up the slopes as Ordnance Survey map were not available back then!
5.
What is the name of this mountain?
Photograph courtesy of Carl Bendelow
Slieve Donard
Cross Fell
Kilimanjaro
Matterhorn
  • Elevation: 893 m (2,930 ft)
  • Prominence: 651 m (2,136 ft)
  • From the summit, spectacular views of the Lake District can be seen as well as the west and east coast.
  • Snow has been known to lie on this mountain for up to 140 days a year.
  • The 'Helm Wind' originates here - a gale of hurricane proportions which strikes without warning in spring.
6.
What is the name of this mountain?
Photograph courtesy of Stemonitis
Everest
Kilimanjaro
The Cheviot
Snowdon
  • Elevation: 1,085 m (3,560 ft)
  • Prominence: 1,038 m (3,406 ft) (ranked third)
  • Its starfish shape has six ridges, each one unique from the others.
  • It is a national nature reserve due to the rare plants and creatures found on the mountain.
  • Ponies used to carry visitors to the summit, but these days there is a railway!
7.
What is the name of this mountain?
Photograph courtesy of Richard Webb
Snowdon
Cross Fell
Eiger
Pumlumon Fawr
  • Elevation: 752 m (2,467 ft)
  • Prominence: 524 m (1,719 ft)
  • Is the highest mountain in Central Wales.
  • The Severn river has its source at this mountain.
  • The wealth of habitat and species around this area has meant that it is designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest.
8.
What is the name of this mountain?
Photograph courtesy of Pavel Novak
Everest
Eiger
Snowdon
K2
  • Elevation: 8,848 m (29,029 ft)
  • Prominence: 8,848 m (29,029 ft)
  • Ranked 1st in the world.
  • The summit ridge separates Nepal and Tibet.
  • Named after a British surveyor-general of India.
  • Once known as Peak 15.
  • There are over 100 corpses that remain on this mountain.
We know Everest isn't in the UK, but we couldn't leave out the highest mountain in the world!
9.
What is the name of this mountain?
Photograph courtesy of Ardfern
Pen y Fan
Slieve Donard
Mont Blanc
K2
  • Elevation: 850 m (2,789 ft)
  • Prominence: 822 m (2,697 ft)
  • The highest of the Mourne Mountains.
  • The terrain is mainly forest and mountain paths.
  • On a clear day the Isle of Man, Wales and Scotland may be seen from the summit
  • Named after an Irish saint.
  • There is a small stone tower at the top for shelter.
10.
What is the name of this mountain?
Photograph courtesy of MPF
The Cheviot
Everest
Scafell Pike
Kinder Scout
  • Elevation: 815 m (2,674 ft)
  • Prominence: 556 m (1,824 ft)
  • Formed when lava erupted from the earth's core.
  • At the northern edge, there are still traces of pre-roman hut circles.
  • A boggy hill with a very flat summit.
  • The remains of a B-17 bomber are scattered in the peat bogs.

© Copyright 2016-2018 - Education Quizzes
TJS - Web Design Lincolnshire
View Printout in HTML

Valid HTML5

We use cookies to make your experience of our website better.

To comply with the new e-Privacy directive, we need to ask for your consent - I agree - No thanks - Find out more