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Plants - Wildflowers 1
Often seen growing by roadsides, on hedgebanks and at the edge of woods.

Plants - Wildflowers 1

A leisurely stroll in the countryside shows that the location of a plant is not an accidental or independent phenomenon, but that there is a certain interdependence between a particular plant species and its environment. Plants growing on sunny southern slopes differ radically from those growing on northern ones. Our country is covered in wildflowers...but how many do you know by name?

Try our first quiz on wildflowers. To enjoy the full beauty of the plants, click on the photo to enlarge it. Good luck!

To see a larger image, click on the picture.
1.
What is the common name of this wildflower?
Photograph courtesy of Algirdas
Germander Speedwell
Sweep's Brush
Lady's Smock
Yarrow
  • Order: Lamiales
  • Family: Plantaginaceae
  • Genus: Veronica
  • Species: V. chamaedrys
  • A common and widespread plant.
  • Often seen growing by roadsides, on hedgebanks and at the edge of woods.
  • Each stem has two rows of long white hairs on either side.
  • The nectar can be reached easily be insects with a short proboscis.
2.
What is the common name of this wildflower?
Photograph courtesy of Alvesgaspar
Toadflax
Harebell
Sheep's Sorrel
Spurge
  • Order: Malpighiales
  • Family: Euphorbiaceae
  • Genus: Euphorbia
  • This annual weed has been growing on cultivated ground since the Stone Age.
  • Very common and widespread in gardens, fields, vineyards, by roadsides and in wasteland.
  • It contains a poisonous, white, milky juice which causes inflammation of the digestive tract in pets.
3.
What is the common name of this wildflower?
Photograph courtesy of http://foto.andreas-trepte.de/
Coltsfoot
Cornflower
Dwarf Mallow
Meadow Vetchling
  • Order: Asterales
  • Family: Asteraceae
  • Genus: Tussilago
  • Species: T. farfara
  • The stems of this plant are scaly with solitary flower heads.
  • It flowers first and as the flowers fade, the leaves appear.
  • Physicians of Ancient Greece recommended the inhalation of the smoke from its roots as a cough remedy.
4.
What is the common name of this wildflower?
Photograph courtesy of Georg Slickers
Toadflax
Cornflower
Heather
Cowslip
  • Order: Lamiales
  • Family: Scrophulariaceae
  • Genus: Linaria
  • Species: L. vulgaris
  • Well adapted for life in dry places as its leaves are covered with fine waxy scales.
  • The flowers look like snapdragons.
  • Also known as butter-and-eggs.
  • One plant can produce up to 20,000 seeds, however most are damaged by insect parasites before having a chance to ripen.
5.
What is the common name of this wildflower?
Photograph courtesy of Rob Bendall (Highfields)
Wild Mustard
Ox-eye Daisy
Great Hairy Willow-herb
Water Forget-me-not
  • Order: Asterales
  • Family: Asteraceae
  • Genus: Leucanthemum
  • Species: L. vulgare
  • Can be seen in meadows and pastures, on banks and grassy slopes.
  • Older plants can be a nuisance during haymaking as their stems are tough.
  • Children make 'chains' of these flowers and wear them around their necks.
  • "He loves me, he loves me not" uses this flower.
6.
What is the common name of this wildflower?
Photograph courtesy of Jerzy Opioła
Mouse-ear Hawkweed
Dwarf Mallow
Water Forget-me-not
Aaron's Rod
  • Order: (unplaced)
  • Family: Boraginaceae
  • Genus: Myosotis
  • Species: M. scorpioides
  • A straight plant that can grow up to 45 cm.
  • Small pretty flowers which are pink when budding and turn blue as they blossom.
  • Its habitats are river banks, damp meadows and woods.
  • Flowers from June to September.
7.
What is the common name of this wildflower?
Photograph courtesy of http://www.hear.org/starr/
Mouse-ear Hawkweed
Ground Elder
Aaron's Rod
Kingcup
  • Order: Lamiales
  • Family: Scrophulariaceae
  • Genus: Verbascum
  • Species: V. thapsus
  • This plant has adapted to dry conditions as it is densely clothed in whitish hairs.
  • Has a distinct smell which reputedly repels mice.
  • Its poisonous seeds have been used to drug fish.
8.
What is the common name of this wildflower?
Photograph courtesy of Calibas
Meadow Vetchling
Shepherd's Purse
Bladder Campion
Scarlet Pimpernel
  • Order: Ericales
  • Family: Myrsinaceae
  • Genus: Anagallis
  • Species: A. arvensis
  • A small plant which grows in fields, on fallowland, wasteground and in gardens.
  • The flowers open mid morning and close again long before sunset.
  • Superstition ascribes to it the power to cure madness and even the magic force to communicate with spirits!
9.
What is the common name of this wildflower?
Photograph courtesy of Lilly M
Birdsfoot-trefoil
Wood Anemone
St John's wort
Bladder Campion
  • Order: Ranunculales
  • Family: Ranunculaceae
  • Genus: Anemone
  • Species: A. nemorosa
  • One of the most common spring plants.
  • Blooms not long after the last snow or frost has melted.
  • Woods, riverbanks and mountain slopes are where you will find this plant.
  • Contains a poisonous substance called protoanemonin.
10.
What is the common name of this wildflower?
Photograph courtesy of Calibas
Yarrow
Heather
Germander Speedwell
Sweep's Brush
  • Order: Asterales
  • Family: Asteraceae
  • Genus: Achillea
  • Species: A. millefolium
  • Also known as Milfoil.
  • It has a sweet powerful scent.
  • Absorbs large amounts of nutriments from the soil.
  • Belongs to a group of generally recognised herbs.
  • It can dispel lack of appetite, soothe coughs and slow down internal bleeding.

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