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The Sea - Fish
This fish is often notoriously ill-tempered in aquariums. Can you identify it?

The Sea - Fish

The oceans of the world are full of life. This quiz takes a look specifically at fish. There are over 25,000 identified species of fish in the world. It's surprising what fish can do - the spotted climbing perch is able to absorb oxygen from the air and will crawl overland using its strong pectoral fins. Some species of fish can fly (glide), others can skip along the surface and others still can even climb rocks!

Fear of fish is known as ichthyophobia. And galeophobia is fear of a specific type of fish - sharks.

To see a larger image, click on the picture.
1.
What is the name of this fish?
Photograph courtesy of Arpingstone.
Striped mullet
Triggerfish
Zander
Butterfish
  • Order: Tetraodontiformes
  • Family: Balistidae
  • Often marked by lines and spots.
  • A number of species are popular in the marine aquarium trade, however they are often notoriously ill-tempered!
  • Are known to exhibit a level of intelligence that is unusual among fish, and have the ability to learn from previous experiences.
2.
What is the name of this fish?
Photograph courtesy of West Brom 4ever
Conger eel
European eel
Greater sand eel
Mediterranean moray
  • Order: Anguilliformes
  • Family: Congridae
  • Genus: Conger
  • Species: C. conger
  • Found all around the British Isles.
  • Prefers rough ground, preferably a reef or a wreck.
  • Their average length is 3 m, making them the largest eels in the world.
  • One particular species if an important food fish in East Asia, mainly served on sushi.
3.
What is the name of this fish?
Photograph courtesy of Greg Skomal
Thresher shark
Bramble shark
Basking shark
Frilled shark
  • Order: Lamniformes
  • Family: Cetorhinidae
  • Genus: Cetorhinus
  • Species: C. maximus
  • Can be found in all the world's temperate oceans.
  • Slow moving and in the main harmless.
  • Has very small teeth, but lots of them!
  • A vulnerable species due to over-exploitation.
  • Tolerant of boats and divers approaching it and may even circle divers.
4.
An old British name for the common stingray is what?
Photograph courtesy of Florin DUMITRESCU
Sea-scorpion
Frying-pan
Whip-skate
Fire-flare
  • Order: Myliobatiformes
  • Family: Dasyatidae
  • Genus: Dasyatis
  • Species: D. pastinaca
  • Prefers sandy or muddy habitats and will bury itself in sediment.
  • Its tail is slender and whip-like, around half as long as the disc.
  • The pectoral fins or 'wings' are sold smoked or dried and salted.
It is thought to refer to the reddish colour of its meat
5.
What is the name of this fish?
Photograph courtesy of Mila Zinkova
Porcupinefish
Ocean Sunfish
Greater pipefish
Pufferfish
  • Order: Tetraodontiformes
  • Family: Tetraodontidae
  • Believed to be the second–most poisonous vertebrate in the world, after the Golden Poison Frog.
  • However, the meat of some species is considered a delicacy in Asia.
  • Are able to move their eyes independently, just like the chameleon.
Pufferfish are similar to porcupinefish, in fact they are closely related
6.
What is the name of this fish?
Photograph courtesy of Linda Snook
Ratfish
Sea lamprey
Atlantic torpedo
Garfish
  • Their closest living relatives are sharks.
  • Generally confined to deep water - 2,600 metres (8,500 ft).
  • Have a venomous spine located in front of the dorsal fin for defence.
  • Differ from sharks in that their upper jaws are fused with their skulls.
  • They also lack sharks' many sharp and replaceable teeth, having instead just three pairs of large permanent grinding tooth plates.
7.
Seahorses are monogamous - what does this mean?
Photograph courtesy of Drew R. Smith
They only eat one type of food
They only mate once
They only have one mate
They only have one eye
  • Order: Syngnathiformes
  • Family: Syngnathidae
  • Genus: Hippocampus
  • Species: H. kuda
  • The female deposits eggs into the male’s small pouch, and then leaves.
  • Out of the entire animal kingdom, these are the only animals in which the male has babies.
This is very rare in the fish world
8.
What is the name of this fish?
Photograph courtesy of Thomas Ernst
Porbeagle
Lesser spotted dogfish
Tope
Spiny dogfish
  • Order: Carcharhiniformes
  • Family: Scyliorhinidae
  • Genus: Scyliorhinus
  • Species: S. canicula
  • An abundant and widespread species.
  • The texture of their skin is rough, similar to the coarseness of sandpaper.
  • An opportunistic species which preys on a wide range of food.
  • It is regularly used by near-shore fisheries for human consumption.
9.
What is the name of this fish?
Photograph courtesy of Mark Conlin
Bramble shark
Blue shark
Bull shark
Tiger shark
  • Order: Carcharhiniformes
  • Family: Carcharhinidae
  • Genus: Prionace
  • Species: P. glauca
  • Although generally lethargic, they can move very quickly.
  • They produce large litters of between 25-100 pups.
  • Their nickname is 'wolves of the sea'.
  • It is the most widely distributed animal in the world.
10.
What is the name of this fish?
Photograph courtesy of Jonmp
Monkfish
Pouting
Ballan wrasse
Burbot
  • Order: Perciformes
  • Family: Labridae
  • Genus: Labrus
  • Species: L. bergylta
  • All are female for their first eight years then some change into males!
  • It is popular as a food fish in the Orkney Islands and in Galway.
  • In recent years it has become a popular catch and release target for sport fishermen.

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