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Ramayana
Hanuman - an important character in the Ramayana.

Ramayana

Ramayana is one of the most famous, and the most read, epics of all time. It was written by Valmiki, who is regarded as a Maharishi.

A long time ago in Ayodhya, there ruled a noble king named Dasharatha. He had three queens and was blessed with four sons by the Gods who were very happy after his long and dedicated Yagna. The eldest son was named Rama. He was well-known for his values and idealistic outlook and is worshipped as the seventh incarnation of the Lord Vishnu. As he was the rightful heir to the throne, the king decided to crown Rama.

The second queen, Kaikeyi, bore jealousy against Rama. She wanted the king to make her son the king of Ayodhya. The king had made a promise to her, fourteen years before, to fulfil her three wishes. She reminded the king of his promise and wanted Rama to be exiled for 14 years. Being an idealist and obedient son, Rama obeyed his father. He bid adieu to the riches and the kingdom and embraced the life of an aesthetic.

Thus began the 14 year long exile of Rama and Sita with Lakshmana in the deep forests of the Indian sub-continent. One day, a demoness, mesmerised by the personality of Rama, tried to seduce him. Being the Maryada-Purshottom (the man of values and honour), Rama ignored her totally. After failing in her attempt, she tried her tricks on Lakshmana. Enraged by her act, Lakshmana cut off her nose. This insult was too much for her and she ran to her brother, the demon king of Lanka, Ravana. With the ulterior motive of seeking revenge, Ravana abducted Sita and held her captive in a vine near to his palace. Ravana was a very mighty king. He was a highly-educated Brahmin and had been blessed by Lord Shiva and other gods. Vanity was his only flaw.

With his brother Lakshmana, Rama set out to find his wife and kill Ravana. On his travels he was helped by a group of monkeys.

A tough battle ensued between the demon army of Ravana and the monkey army of Rama. Rama was victorious in the war and this win united him with his soul-mate, Sita. Their exile was over and they returned to their kingdom. Rama became the king and he was among the best rulers of India. Even now, every peaceful state is called "Ram Raj" (the rule of Rama).

1.
Who was the ideal royal couple of the Ramayana?
Rama and Sita
Radha and Krishna
Ravan and Madodhari
Arjun and Draupadi
Although all of the couples listed were royal couples, the epic of Ramayana revolves around Rama and Sita
2.
Who was the father of Rama?
Ravan
Dasharatha
Janak
Shri Krishna
Dasharatha was a great king and was the father of Rama
3.
Who was the mother of Bharath?
Sita
Kaushalya
Janak
Kaikeyi
Kaikeyi was the mother of Bharath and the second wife of King Dasharatha. She was the queen who wanted her son Bharath to be the next ruler of the kingdom
4.
In the story who was the ruler of Lanka?
Rama
Hanuman
Ravana
Sugriv
Ravana was the Brahmin who was the ruler of Lanka - the city of gold
5.
Why was Rama sent to exile?
Because of his father's promise
Because he had committed a murder
Because he wanted to marry Sita
Because he was a thief
Rama was sent to exile by his father as his father made a promise to fulfil the three wishes of his second wife
6.
For how many years was Rama sent to exile?
For 7 years
For 14 years
For 21 years
For 28 years
Rama was sent to exile for 14 years by his father
7.
How is Diwali related to the Ramayana?
It is celebrated as the cutting off the nose of the demoness
It is celebrated as Ravana's victory over Rama
It is celebrated as the abduction of Sita
It is celebrated as Rama's victory over Ravana
Rama's victory over Ravana is celebrated as Diwali by Hindus. It is the festival which started when Rama came back to Ayodhya after defeating Ravana
8.
Who was the adoptive father of Sita?
Dussashan
Ravan
Raja Janak
Rama
Sita was called the Dharti-Putri (the daughter of the land). King Janak found her and raised her as his own daughter
9.
What was the name of Rama's mother?
Janak
Kaushalya
Sita
Kaikeyi
Kaushalya was the first wife of King Dasharatha and the mother of Rama
10.
Who wrote the Ramayana?
Homer
Ved Vyas
Virgil
Valmiki
Valmiki was a dacoit (a member of a band of armed robbers) who, after being blessed, became the most knowledgeable man the world has ever known

 

Author:  Siddarth Bhattacharjee

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