‘Abdu’l-Bahá was the eldest son of Bahá’u’lláh and His designated successor. He was born in Tehran on 23 May 1844 and he recognized his Father’s station as a child, before it had been openly revealed. He shared Bahá’u’lláh’s banishment and exile through the Ottoman Empire which ended with imprisonment in Akka in 1868. In 1911 he began his historic journeys to Europe and North America to proclaim his Father’s message, returning to the Holy Land two years later. During his lifetime ‘Abdu’l-Bahá wrote many books and letters, interpreting and elucidating the Writings of Bahá’u’lláh.