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Deuteronomy

Mount Sinai.

Deuteronomy

The Book of Deuteronomy is the fifth book of the Bible and the last of the Pentateuch or Torah, the five books written by Moses. Deuteronomy contains three sermons given by Moses to the Israelites who are to enter the promised land. The word Deuteronomy means 'second law giving' as the book reiterates the laws God has given to His people for the generation of Israelites who were not present when the laws were first given.

All quotations from the Bible are taken from the Authorised King James Version.
1.
Israelites were forbidden from marrying Ammonites or Moabites. Why was this?
Because Ammonites and Moabites had many wives
Because Ammonites and Moabites were considered 'unclean'
Because Ammonites and Moabites had not fed or watered Israelites on their journey
Because Ammonites and Moabites were not of the same religion
They had also paid Balaam to work against the Israelites.

Deuteronomy 23:3-4
"An Ammonite or Moabite shall not enter into the congregation of the Lord; even to their tenth generation shall they not enter into the congregation of the Lord for ever: because they met you not with bread and with water in the way, when ye came forth out of Egypt; and because they hired against thee Balaam the son of Beor of Pethor of Mesopotamia, to curse thee."

The ban on entering the congregation of the Lord does not mean that they were not allowed to convert to Judaism, but that intermarriage was not permitted. This only applied to males, as King David's ancestor, Ruth, was a Moabite
2.
If the Israelites did not obey God's laws he promised to do what to them?
To scatter them around the world
To send them to Hell
To forget about them
To send them to Rome
Deuteronomy 28:64
"And the Lord shall scatter thee among all people, from the one end of the earth even unto the other; and there thou shalt serve other gods, which neither thou nor thy fathers have known, even wood and stone."

But that is not all. God said he would curse the Israelites' cities and fields, let their enemies destroy them and visit them with plagues if they disobeyed His commandments
3.
After his sermons to the Israelites, Moses saw the promised land from the top of a mountain, but then he died. Who buried Moses' body?
Moses was buried by Joshua
Moses was buried by the Angel of the Lord
Moses was buried by Eleazar
Moses was buried by God
Deuteronomy 34:5-6
"So Moses the servant of the Lord died there in the land of Moab, according to the word of the Lord. And he buried him in a valley in the land of Moab, over against Beth-peor: but no man knoweth of his sepulchre unto this day."

Moses is the only person in the Bible to have been buried by God
4.
Before he left his people, Moses recited a poem to them. By what name do we know this poem?
The Prayer of Moses
The Song of Moses
The Hymn of Moses
The Psalm of Moses
The Song of Moses tells of God's faithfulness to His chosen people, His threat to destroy them if they disobey Him and how He will never desert them. It ends with the verse:

Deuteronomy 32:43
Rejoice, O ye nations, with his people: for he will avenge the blood of his servants, and will render vengeance to his adversaries, and will be merciful unto his land, and to his people
5.
How old was Moses when he died?
Moses was 80 years old
Moses was 120 years old
Moses was 160 years old
Moses was 200 years old
Deuteronomy 34:7
"And Moses was an hundred and twenty years old when he died: his eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated."

Moses was the greatest prophet ever to have lived.

Deuteronomy 34:10-12
"And there arose not a prophet since in Israel like unto Moses, whom the Lord knew face to face, in all the signs and the wonders, which the Lord sent him to do in the land of Egypt to Pharaoh, and to all his servants, and to all his land, and in all that mighty hand, and in all the great terror which Moses shewed in the sight of all Israel"
6.
God promised that even if they were punished by Him, if the Israelites would return to Him then he would give them what?
He would give them extra long lives
He would give them a new set of laws
He would give them all the lands of their enemies
He would give them back the promised land
Deuteronomy 30:3-5
"that then the Lord thy God will turn thy captivity, and have compassion upon thee, and will return and gather thee from all the nations, whither the Lord thy God hath scattered thee. If any of thine be driven out unto the outmost parts of heaven, from thence will the Lord thy God gather thee, and from thence will he fetch thee: and the Lord thy God will bring thee into the land which thy fathers possessed, and thou shalt possess it; and he will do thee good, and multiply thee above thy fathers."

This promise was granted in the 20th century when the Jews returned to their homeland and the nation of Israel was refounded
7.
Deuteronomy opens with Moses giving a speech to the Israelites as they camp over the River Jordan from the lands God had promised them. In which land were they camped?
In the land of Moab
In the land of Egypt
In the land of Ammon
In the land of Edom
Deuteronomy 1:5-6
"on this side Jordan, in the land of Moab, began Moses to declare this law, saying, The Lord our God spake unto us in Horeb, saying, Ye have dwelt long enough in this mount."

In this first speech Moses recounts the adventures of the Israelites since they left Mount Sinai almost 40 years before, up until they came to Moab
8.
Moses reiterates the worship of just one God when he says to love Him with all of your heart, soul and... what other thing?
With all your majesty
With all your mind
With all your money
With all your might
Deuteronomy 6:4-5
"Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord: and thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might."

Jesus Christ Himself said that this was the greatest of all commandments in the Book of Mark 12: 28-34
9.
God promised to make Israel the most powerful nation in the world, just as long as they did what?
As long as they hurt no one
As long as they prayed
As long as they obeyed His commandments
As long as they lived
God promised many blessings including to bless their cities and fields and to defeat their enemies. All this depended on the Israelites obeying God's laws.

Deuteronomy 28:13-14
"And the Lord shall make thee the head, and not the tail; and thou shalt be above only, and thou shalt not be beneath; if that thou hearken unto the commandments of the Lord thy God, which I command thee this day, to observe and to do them: and thou shalt not go aside from any of the words which I command thee this day, to the right hand, or to the left, to go after other gods to serve them"
10.
In Moses' second speech he tells his audience of the Ten Commandments and how they were written down by God, on what?
2 scrolls of parchment
2 stone tablets
2 scrolls of lambskin
2 golden plaques
Deuteronomy 5:22
"These words the Lord spake unto all your assembly in the mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice: and he added no more. And he wrote them in two tables of stone, and delivered them unto me."

Here are the Ten Commandments once more:

Deuteronomy 5:7-21
"Thou shalt have none other gods before me.
Thou shalt not make thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the waters beneath the earth: thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me, and shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me and keep my commandments.
Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.
Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee. Six days thou shalt labour, and do all thy work: but the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates; that thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest as well as thou. And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that the Lord thy God brought thee out thence through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm: therefore the Lord thy God commanded thee to keep the sabbath day.
Honour thy father and thy mother, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee; that thy days may be prolonged, and that it may go well with thee, in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.
Thou shalt not kill.
Neither shalt thou commit adultery.
Neither shalt thou steal.
Neither shalt thou bear false witness against thy neighbour.
Neither shalt thou desire thy neighbour’s wife, neither shalt thou covet thy neighbour’s house, his field, or his manservant, or his maidservant, his ox, or his ass, or any thing that is thy neighbour’s"

 

Author:  Graeme Haw

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