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Jeremiah encourages people to pray.


Lamentations talks about the Babylonians.

The third of the Prophetical Books, and the twenty-fifth book of the Bible, is the Book of Lamentations. It is the second book to be written by the prophet Jeremiah, and, where the first book looks forward, warning of the coming destruction of Jerusalem, Lamentations looks back in mourning at the fate of the city and its people. It contains five poems which describe the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonians and grieve for its loss. But the Book of Lamentations also reminds us of God's faithfulness and that He will not abandon His chosen people. God's mercies remain for those who answer His call.

All quotations from the Bible are taken from the Authorised King James Version.
Despite the destruction of Jerusalem Jeremiah says that those who were saved were done so through God's mercy. He says that God's compassions are renewed how often?
Every second
Every minute
Every hour
Every day
Jeremiah wants the people not to be angry at God for allowing the disaster to occur, but to have faith that God will protect them.

Lamentations 3:22-24
"It is of the Lord’s mercies that we are not consumed,
because his compassions fail not.
They are new every morning:
great is thy faithfulness.
The Lord is my portion, saith my soul;
therefore will I hope in him"
In the last verse of the first poem Jeremiah acknowledges the sin of Israel but asks God to do what?
He asks God to forgive their sins
He asks God to punish their enemies
He asks God to turn back time
He asks God to bring the people home
God had promised that in the future the enemies of Israel would be destroyed.

Lamentations 1:21-22
"They have heard that I sigh:
there is none to comfort me:
all mine enemies have heard of my trouble;
they are glad that thou hast done it:
thou wilt bring the day that thou hast called,
and they shall be like unto me.
Let all their wickedness come before thee;
and do unto them, as thou hast done unto me
for all my transgressions:
for my sighs are many,
and my heart is faint"
The fifth poem takes the form of a prayer to God. In it Jeremiah praises God, saying that His what passes from generation to generation?
His love
His glory
His anger
His throne
Jeremiah says that God never changes, unlike His people. He asks God to turn them back towards Him.

Lamentations 5:19-21
"Thou, O Lord, remainest for ever;
thy throne from generation to generation.
Wherefore dost thou forget us for ever,
and forsake us so long time?
Turn thou us unto thee, O Lord, and we shall be turned;
renew our days as of old"
In the very first verse of Lamentations Jeremiah compares the city of Jerusalem to two types of women. Who are they?
A spinster and a wife
A slave-girl and a mistress
A widow and a princess
A daughter and a mother
The loss felt by the city is akin to the loss of a widow, and its past greatness was like that of a princess.

Lamentations 1:1-2
"How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of people!
how is she become as a widow!
she that was great among the nations,
and princess among the provinces,
how is she become tributary!
She weepeth sore in the night,
and her tears are on her cheeks:
among all her lovers she hath none to comfort her:
all her friends have dealt treacherously with her,
they are become her enemies"
The second poem is an eyewitness account of the destruction of Jerusalem. In it Jeremiah mourns the loss of all in the city including children and babies killed by what?
By disease
By lack of food
By the swords of the enemy
By being thrown from the city walls
Lamentations 2:11-12
"Mine eyes do fail with tears,
my bowels are troubled,
my liver is poured upon the earth,
for the destruction of the daughter of my people;
because the children and the sucklings
swoon in the streets of the city.
They say to their mothers,
Where is corn and wine?
when they swooned as the wounded
in the streets of the city,
when their soul was poured out
into their mothers’ bosom."

The poem also contains descriptions of the destruction of the temple, the walls, the gates and the palaces
Jeremiah says that no-one would have believed that Jerusalem would fall. But God allowed it to happen because which people in particular had sinned?
The kings and the princes
The Jews and the Gentiles
The prophets and the priests
The women and the children
God was angry because the prophets and priests had killed innocent people.

Lamentations 4:12-14
"The kings of the earth, and all the inhabitants of the world,
would not have believed that the adversary and the enemy
should have entered into the gates of Jerusalem.
For the sins of her prophets,
and the iniquities of her priests,
that have shed the blood of the just in the midst of her,
they have wandered as blind men in the streets,
they have polluted themselves with blood,
so that men could not touch their garments"
The fourth poem ends with a warning to one nation in particular, saying that it will also be punished by God. Which nation is Jeremiah referring to?
Lamentations 4:21-22
"Rejoice and be glad, O daughter of Edom,
that dwellest in the land of Uz;
the cup also shall pass through unto thee:
thou shalt be drunken,
and shalt make thyself naked.
The punishment of thine iniquity is accomplished,
O daughter of Zion;
he will no more carry thee away into captivity:
he will visit thine iniquity,
O daughter of Edom;
he will discover thy sins"

Jeremiah says that though the Jews' punishment will one day come to an end, Edom's punishment will last forever
The last verse in the Book of Lamentations speaks of God's what?
God's anger
God's mercy
God's love
God's kingdom
It is the end of Jeremiah's prayer and he knows that God's judgement against His people was just.

Lamentations 5:22
"But thou hast utterly rejected us;
thou art very wroth against us"
Jeremiah encourages people to pray and to pour out what as if it were water?
To pour out their hearts
To pour out their oil
To pour out their praise
To pour out their money
Jeremiah wants the people to ask for God's mercy.

Lamentations 2:19
"Arise, cry out in the night:
in the beginning of the watches
pour out thine heart like water
before the face of the Lord:
lift up thy hands toward him
for the life of thy young children,
that faint for hunger in the top of every street"
Because God is not answering the people's prayers as they would wish, Jeremiah says that it is as if God has covered himself with what?
With a hood
With a fog
With a blanket
With a cloud
Lamentations 3:43-45
"Thou hast covered with anger, and persecuted us:
thou hast slain, thou hast not pitied.
Thou hast covered thyself with a cloud,
that our prayer should not pass through.
Thou hast made us as the offscouring
and refuse in the midst of the people."

Although it seems that God has forgotten His people, Jeremiah knows that He will show mercy on those in exile


Author:  Graeme Haw

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