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Servants should serve their masters faithfully.


Find out Paul’s advice in this letter to Titus.

The twelfth, and penultimate, of Paul's Epistles is Titus. Like II Timothy, it was written in Paul's later years, in approximately 64 AD.

Paul had twice visited the Mediterranean island of Crete and, on his second visit, had left his trusted disciple Titus there, to continue ministering to the Cretians whilst he himself journeyed on to Macedonia.

News had come to Paul from Crete that Titus was being opposed by ungodly men who belonged to the Church. Paul's response was to write this letter, instructing new believers on how they should conduct themselves when faced with pagan enemies of the Christians.

All quotations from the Bible are taken from the Authorised King James Version.
Titus is told by Paul to teach the older men and the younger women to be sober. He also says that younger men should be sober-minded. Which words does he use to discourage the older women from drinking alcohol?
They should be "slow to drink"
They should be "not given to much wine"
They should be "imbibers not"
They should be "not taken to the grape"
By their own actions the older women should be an example to the young.

Titus 2:2-6
"that the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience. The aged women likewise, that they be in behaviour as becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things; that they may teach the young women to be sober, to love their husbands, to love their children, to be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed. Young men likewise exhort to be sober minded"
Paul warns Titus of those who teach Jewish laws. He says that such folk are only after what?
Paul is concerned that those who teach false doctrines are driving people away from Christianity for their own financial benefit.

Titus 1:10-11
"For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision: whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre’s sake"
Christ saved us, says Paul, not because of our righteousness, but because of what?
Because of our repentance
Because of His love
Because of our humility
Because of His mercy
Because of His kindness and pity God washed away our sins and filled us with the joy of the Holy Spirit.

Titus 3:4-7
"But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour; that being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life"
Servants, or slaves, should serve their masters faithfully. They should never answer back, but what else must they never do?
They must never shirk
They must never steal
They must never lie
They must never slander
Slaves must not begrudge their lot. Instead they should serve their masters well, so that Christians become respected.

Titus 2:9-10
"Exhort servants to be obedient unto their own masters, and to please them well in all things; not answering again; not purloining, but shewing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things"
Paul tells us to always obey our rulers. How does he refer to our governments and leaders?
Domains and masters
Realms and sovereigns
Nations and kings
Principalities and powers
Our governments are our leaders and their representatives should be obeyed.

Titus 3:1-3
"Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work, to speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, but gentle, shewing all meekness unto all men. For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another"
A prophet is quoted by Paul as saying that the Cretians were liars, evil beasts and slow... what?
Slow wits
Slow minds
Slow givers
Slow bellies
Paul says that this prophet was right. The men of Crete are liars, lazy and only interested in satisfying their stomachs. He tells Titus to be stern with them to make them strong in their faith.

Titus 1:12-14
"One of themselves, even a prophet of their own, said, The Cretians are alway liars, evil beasts, slow bellies. This witness is true. Wherefore rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith; not giving heed to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, that turn from the truth"
At the end of his letter Paul tells Titus to help Zenas and Apollos with their journey. What is Zenas' occupation?
He is a tax collector
He is a blacksmith
He is a lawyer
He is a coppersmith
We don't know whether Zenas was an expert in Roman or Jewish law; the Greek word "lawyer" could refer to either. It is most likely that his occupation is stated only in order to distinguish him from another Zenas.

Titus 3:13-15
"Bring Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their journey diligently, that nothing be wanting unto them. And let ours also learn to maintain good works for necessary uses, that they be not unfruitful.
All that are with me salute thee. Greet them that love us in the faith.
Grace be with you all. Amen.
It was written to Titus, ordained the first bishop of the church of the Cretians, from Nicopolis of Macedonia"
Jesus taught us how to live righteously, says Paul. We should avoid two things; the first is ungodliness, but what is the second?
Earthly lusts
Selfish ways
The sinful pleasures of this world drive us away from God, and so we should be sober and righteous.

Titus 2:11-14
"For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men, teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world; looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ; who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works"
How many times should a man be warned of his heresies before he is rejected as a Christian?
Four times
Paul says to avoid foolish questions and stick to his teaching. If anyone believes other teachings then they should be warned twice. If they still do not change their ways then they should be rejected.

Titus 3:9-11
"But avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law; for they are unprofitable and vain. A man that is an heretick after the first and second admonition reject; knowing that he that is such is subverted, and sinneth, being condemned of himself"
The letter begins with Paul asking God to bless his friend, Titus, with grace, mercy and what else?
The two men are old friends, as we can tell by Paul's reference to Titus as his own son.

Titus 1:1-4
"Paul, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of God’s elect, and the acknowledging of the truth which is after godliness; in hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began; but hath in due times manifested his word through preaching, which is committed unto me according to the commandment of God our Saviour; to Titus, mine own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour"


Author:  Graeme Haw

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