A happy clown banging cymbals together
Did you know I have an uncle who worked in the circus for ten years?

Grade 5 Writing - Formatting

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Informative and explanatory essays should follow a format and begin by stating the topic clearly. The piece should also include the focus of the essay. When students are planning their essays, they should group the information in a logical way. They may also include headings and illustrations if it will help. In this quiz, students will answer questions about writing an informative or explanatory essay.

1.
Read the prompt below.
PROMPT: What are the similarities and differences between a cheetah and a jaguar?
Which statement below is the best way to introduce this topic?
Did you know that the cheetah is the fastest animal in the world?
Cheetahs and jaguars have many things in common.
However, there are differences between the jaguar and the cheetah.
The cheetah is a cool animal but so is the jaguar.
This statement grabs the reader's attention with an important fact
2.
Read the prompt below.
PROMPT: What are the similarities and differences between a cheetah and a jaguar?
Which statement below is the best focus or thesis statement for the prompt?
Both the cheetah and the jaguar have spots on their fur.
Cheetahs run much faster than jaguars.
When comparing the cheetah with the jaguar, there are some similarities and differences between them.
Even though the cheetah runs faster, the jaguar is more muscular.
The thesis statement or focus should answer the prompt in a complete sentence
3.
Read the notes below about the cheetah and jaguar.

* leopard family - jaguar; cat - cheetah
* both are found in the grasslands in Africa, Asia
* cheetah - smaller spots
* cheetah head - looks like a kitten; jaguar head - looks like a tiger
* cheetah - hunts during the day; jaguar - hunts at night
* jaguar - stays away from humans; cheetah - is more comfortable with humans

How should these notes be grouped based on what they have in common?
Group 1
* leopard family - jaguar; cat - cheetah
* both are found in the grasslands in Africa, Asia
* cheetah - smaller spots

Group 2
* cheetah head - looks like a kitten; jaguar head - looks like a tiger
* cheetah - hunts during the day; jaguar - hunts at night

Group 3
* jaguar - stays away from humans; cheetah - is more comfortable with humans
Group 1
* leopard family - jaguar; cat - cheetah

Group 2
* both are found in the grasslands in Africa, Asia
* cheetah - smaller spots

Group 3
* cheetah head - looks like a kitten; jaguar head - looks like a tiger
* cheetah - hunts during the day; jaguar - hunts at night
* jaguar - stays away from humans; cheetah - is more comfortable with humans

Group 1
* both are found in the grasslands in Africa, Asia

Group 2
* cheetah - smaller spots
* cheetah head - looks like a kitten; jaguar head - looks like a tiger

Group 3
* cheetah - hunts during the day; jaguar - hunts at night
* jaguar - stays away from humans; cheetah - is more comfortable with humans

Group 1
* leopard family - jaguar; cat - cheetah
* both are found in the grasslands in Africa, Asia
* cheetah - smaller spots
* cheetah head - looks like a kitten; jaguar head - looks like a tiger

Group 2
* cheetah - hunts during the day; jaguar - hunts at night

Group 3
* jaguar - stays away from humans; cheetah - is more comfortable with humans

These notes are grouped based on what they have in common
4.
Read the notes you took about the cheetah and jaguar.

* leopard family - jaguar; cat - cheetah
* both are found in the grasslands in Africa, Asia
* cheetah - smaller spots
* cheetah head - looks like a kitten; jaguar head - looks like a tiger
* cheetah - hunts during the day; jaguar - hunts at night
* jaguar - stays away from humans; cheetah - is more comfortable with humans

What categories or headings should you use for this set of information?
* Ways of hunting
* Appearances
* Advantages
* Weaknesses
* Spots
* Diets
* Diets
* Habitats
* Social Activities
* Locations
* Appearances
* Behaviors
Based on what the notes have in common with each other, they can be divided into these categories
5.
Read the prompt below.
PROMPT: What are the similarities and differences between a cheetah and a jaguar?
What would be the best illustration to use in this essay?
Photo of the prey jaguars and cheetahs usually kill.
Photo showing the cheetah running fast.
Photos of both the jaguar and the cheetah.
A drawing of a jaguar.
Showing photos of both animals would aid in the comprehension of the essay
6.
Read the prompt below.
PROMPT: Describe the most unusual relative you have.
Which statement below is the best way to introduce this topic?
My Uncle Fred is the most unusual relative in my family.
Imagine an uncle who is 7 feet tall and worked in the circus.
No one has a more unusual relative than my Aunt Patty.
Uncle Fred worked at the post office for many years.
This introduction grabs the reader's attention by describing the most unique characteristics of the uncle
7.
Read the prompt below.
PROMPT: Describe the most unusual relative you have.
Which statement below is the best focus or thesis statement for the prompt?
My Uncle Stanley is the most unusual relative in my family for several reasons.
Did you know I have an uncle who worked in the circus for ten years?
I have several unusual relatives including my Uncle Bob, Aunt Martha and cousin Philip.
There are many unusual relatives in people's families.
The focus or thesis statement will answer the question
8.
Read the notes that you brainstormed about your uncle.

* owns a monkey, tiger and lion as pets
* is 7 feet tall
* worked for a traveling circus
* lives alone
* has red hair
* talks to himself and his pets

How should these notes be grouped based on what they have in common?
Group 1
* owns a monkey, tiger and lion as pets
* is 7 feet tall

Group 2
* worked for a traveling circus
* lives alone

Group 3
* has red hair
* talks to himself and his pets

Group 1
* owns a monkey, tiger and lion as pets
* is 7 feet tall
* worked for a traveling circus

Group 2
* lives alone
* has red hair

Group 3
* talks to himself and his pets

Group 1
* lives alone
* has red hair

Group 2
* talks to himself and his pets
* owns a monkey, tiger and lion as pets

Group 3
* is 7 feet tall
* worked for a traveling circus
Group 1
* owns a monkey, tiger and lion as pets
* worked for a traveling circus

Group 2
* is 7 feet tall
* has red hair

Group 3
* lives alone
* talks to himself and his pets

These notes are grouped according to what they have in common
9.
Read the notes that you brainstormed about your uncle.

* owns a monkey, tiger and lion as pets
* is 7 feet tall
* worked for a traveling circus
* lives alone
* has red hair
* talks to himself and his pets

What categories or headings should you use for this set of information?
* loves animals
* appearance
* social behavior
* likes
* dislikes
* appearance
* jobs
* appearance
* dislikes
*emotions
*clothing
*appearance
Based on the notes, these categories are the best fit
10.
Read the prompt below.
PROMPT: Describe the most unusual relative you have.
What would be the best illustration to use in this essay?
A photograph of the whole family.
A photograph of the uncle.
A photograph of the uncle's pets.
A photograph of the uncle and his pets.
A photo of the uncle, together with what makes him unusual, would best help the comprehension of the essay
Author:  Amy Flanders

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