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Grade 5 Writing - Reasoning and Supporting Facts

This English Language quiz is called 'Reasoning and Supporting Facts' and it has been written by teachers to help you if you are studying the subject at elementary school. Playing educational quizzes is an enjoyable way to learn if you are in the 3rd, 4th or 5th grade - aged 8 to 11.

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A persuasive essay contains reasons that support the topic. However, facts and details are needed to support each reason. Usually, each paragraph is one reason in a 5-paragraph essay. Although, each reason can be more than one paragraph. In this quiz, students will decide which reasons support a topic and which facts support the reason.

1.
Read the topic below for a persuasive essay.
Topic: Should boys and girls have separate classes?
What could be a reason for this topic?
Boys learn better than girls.
Boys and girls would feel more comfortable in separate classes.
Boys and girls should be educated in separate classrooms.
What is a separated classroom?
This reason supports the topic.
2.
Read the topic below for a persuasive essay.
Topic: Should schools have stricter rules?
What could be a reason for this topic?
Imagine a school that is too strict.
Schools should have stricter rules.
There are too many discipline problems including bullying in schools.
Over three million students are suspended each year.
This is a reason to support the topic.
3.
Read the topic below for a persuasive essay.
Topic: Are children eating too many unhealthy foods?
What could be a reason for this topic?
Children eat too many unhealthy foods in America.
Many fast food restaurants cater to children with sugary and fatty foods.
One third of children in America are considered overweight.
Imagine a child not being able to run adequately due to extra weight.
This is a reason that supports eating unhealthily.
4.
Read the topic below for a persuasive essay.
Topic: Is America using the wrong measurement system?
What could be a reason for this topic?
America should adopt the metric system.
Did you know that the metric system had its own calendar?
The metric system uses meters.
The United States is the only industrialized country that does not use the metric system.
This reason supports whether the U.S. should adopt the metric system.
5.
Read the topic below for a persuasive essay.
Topic: Should students get paid for good grades?
What could be a reason for this topic?
Imagine making an A on every test and getting paid for them.
Students would do a better job studying for tests if they got paid for good grades.
Getting paid for good grades is a good idea.
Students should definitely get paid for good grades.
This reason supports the topic that students should get paid for making good grades.
6.
Read the topic below for a persuasive essay.
Topic: Should boys and girls have separate classes?
Reason: Students would be more interested in school because certain topics would interest a certain gender.
What fact or detail supports the reason?
Boys and girls would like to be in different classes.
A boys' class could read about battles whereas a girls' class could read about fashion.
In a boys' class, teachers could call on students who are interested in the topic.
Separating classes based on gender might be breaking the law.
An example would support the reason.
7.
Read the topic below for a persuasive essay.
Topic: Should schools have stricter rules?
Reason: Bullying has detrimental effects on young adults.
What fact or detail supports the reason?
The strictness of a school depends upon the beliefs of each individual at the school.
Rules at school are already too strict as it is.
Bullies are people who harrass or inflict pain on other people for no reason.
Almost half of the children have admitted to being cyberbullied.
This statistical fact supports the reason.
8.
Read the topic below for a persuasive essay.
Topic: Are children eating too many unhealthy foods?
Reason: School cafeterias and vending machines serve desserts rather than fruits.
What fact or detail supports the reason?
A school cafeteria's budget lacked proper funding to buy healthier options.
Michelle Obama's initiative forced school cafeterias to include healthier options.
American children eat too many unhealthy foods.
Eating unhealthy foods causes problems.
This fact proves that there was a problem if the First Lady wanted to create a program to resolve this issue.
9.
Read the topic below for a persuasive essay.
Topic: Is America using the wrong measurement system?
Reason: Almost all countries use the metric system.
What fact or detail supports the reason?
All countries should use the metric system.
Interacting with countries would be easier if the U.S. used the same system.
The metric system began hundreds of years ago.
There are too many people who would oppose the change for the U.S. to use the metric system.
This detail supports that many countries use the metric system.
10.
Read the topic below for a persuasive essay.
Topic: Should students get paid for good grades?
Reason: Students would also learn the value of money.
What fact or detail supports the reason?
Students should also get paid for high performances on standardized testing.
Students should make good grades without an incentive.
Students should be paid by their parents for making good grades.
Students could learn to save their money and spend sparingly for making good grades.
This detail supports that paying for good grades would result in students learning to save money.
Author:  Amy Flanders

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