Settlements 1
A wood with a river running through it would be a good place for early settlers as it provides both building materials and water.

Settlements 1

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Settlements are the places people live such as villages and towns. A settlement can range in size from a small number of dwellings grouped together to the largest of cities with surrounding urbanized areas. But what about their development? How did they come to be? Why did the early settlers choose to live there? Why are towns and villages where they are and how did they get their names?

See how much you know about the early development of the places we live. Can you answer all ten questions correctly?

1.
Why did settlements need to link together?
To trade
Could fight each other
To visit each other
Go to each other’s parties
Trade was essential. If one village had access to iron, for example, they might trade with another village which had access to sheep
2.
If you were an early settler, which site would you choose that would give a good defense from enemies?
On top of a hill, next to a stream
In the middle of a wood with a river running through
In an open field next to a lake
On a beach with a stream running close by
From the top of a hill you can see anyone approaching from all sides
3.
What is a settlement?
A hut near a river
A castle on a hill
A place where people live
A house in a forest
Settlements are so called because they are places where people have settled
4.
If you were an early settler, which site would you choose to access good building materials?
On top of a hill, next to a stream
In the middle of a wood with a river running through
In an open field next to a lake
On a beach with a stream running close by
Early homes were made of wood and the best source of wood is a forest
5.
Which was NOT a need of early settlers?
Water
Farming land
Wood or other building material
Supermarket
A supermarket is easier than growing your own food but there were no supermarkets around in the times of early settlers
6.
Which is NOT a suitable place to find drinking water?
Near a river
Near a lake
Near the sea
Near a stream
Sea water contains too much salt to drink
7.
Which would make good farming land?
Hilly
Flat
Lots of trees
Boggy
Trees would get in the way of crops and hills are difficult to plow
8.
What is one way to know when a settlement was first settled?
By its position
By its name
How large it is
How many churches it has
In England, places with Roman names are probably older than places with Anglo-Saxon names
9.
Which of these building materials would not be available to early settlers?
Brick
Wood
Stone
Straw and mud
Bricks were a later invention
10.
Which of these place name endings means ‘river crossing’?
-ley
-ford
-ton
-ham
Oxford, Stafford and Watford are three examples
Author:  Amanda Swift

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