World War One: 1914-18 - The Home Front
Air raids on British cities were conducted by German Zeppelins during the war.

World War One: 1914-18 - The Home Front

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The Great War - World War One - was the first war in which Britain had been involved to see a significant "Home Front". Civilians became caught up in the war whether they liked it or not, and life became very different during the war itself - and for some time afterwards.

1.
Immediately on the outbreak of war an Act of Parliament was passed to restrict many ordinary activities, and to allow the state to increase its area of responsibility. What was this act called?
DORA
The Official Secrets Act
The Treason Act
The Wartime Powers Act
For example, whistling and loitering were now forbidden by law
2.
At the end of 1914 German warships from the High Seas Fleet bombarded several British coastal towns. Which of the following towns was among the victims?
Cromer
Skegness
Bridlington
Scarborough
These raids were intended to show British civilians that they were not safe anywhere from the enemy's attacks
3.
What two words describe a situation where the prosecution of the war effort requires the mobilization of all the state's resources, including civilian manpower?
Totalitarian War
Total War
Universal War
Wholesale War
This was a foreshadowing of things to come. No war would ever again be quite the same
4.
Which senior British army officer featured in a poster campaign to persuade volunteers to join the forces?
Haig
French
Kitchener
Roberts
Men were asked to reply to their country's call in its hour of need, as if each individual was being challenged personally
5.
Rationing of certain food items (e.g. sugar, meat, butter, jam and tea) was introduced. In which year?
1917
1914
1918
1916
Ration cards were provided for families and individuals. It was possible to obtain extra supplies - but only by paying for them on the "Black Market"
6.
In May 1916 time was fixed to allow as much daylight for civilian workers as possible. Which system did Britain adopt?
British Summer Time
Central Standard Time
Eastern Daylight Saving Time
British Standard Time
It was believed that workers worked best in daylight, so the system that offered the least darkness during the working day was adopted
7.
Civilians in urban areas like London suffered from bombing raids. Which kind of aircraft usually featured in such raids?
Bomber airplanes
Airships/Zeppelins
Flying boats
Fighter aircraft
Such attacks caused relatively little damage, but they still terrorized civilians
8.
In 1915 a new government post was announced to increase the supply of munitions. The new minister toured the country energetically, encouraging production and preventing strikes. Who was the first person to occupy this post?
Lord Beaverbrook
Sir Patrick Geddes
David Lloyd George
Winston Churchill
If he were to be successful in this post, the new minister might well seek further promotion
9.
In 1916 conscription was introduced, forcing men to join up. What name was given to those who refused to obey the summons?
Refuseniks
Non-combatants
Conscientious Objectors
Neutralists
Those who refused to enlist were a problem for the authorities, who decided to make life deliberately unpleasant for them in order to deter others
10.
Many men left their civilian jobs to join the forces, but some in essential roles were not allowed to switch. What term was used for work like this, for example, coal-mining or train driving?
Exempted occupations
Reserved occupations
Essential occupations
Excluded occupations
Coal was vital for the making of munitions, as was steel. Work on the land was crucial, but women were able to take over many jobs in this sector
Author:  Edward Towne

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