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Ramayana
Hanuman - an important character in the Ramayana.

Ramayana

Ramayana is one of the most famous, and the most read, epics of all time. It was written by Valmiki, who is regarded as a Maharishi.

A long time ago in Ayodhya, there ruled a noble king named Dasharatha. He had three queens and was blessed with four sons by the Gods who were very happy after his long and dedicated Yagna. The eldest son was named Rama. He was well-known for his values and idealistic outlook and is worshipped as the seventh incarnation of the Lord Vishnu. As he was the rightful heir to the throne, the king decided to crown Rama.

The second queen, Kaikeyi, bore jealousy against Rama. She wanted the king to make her son the king of Ayodhya. The king had made a promise to her, fourteen years before, to fulfil her three wishes. She reminded the king of his promise and wanted Rama to be exiled for 14 years. Being an idealist and obedient son, Rama obeyed his father. He bid adieu to the riches and the kingdom and embraced the life of an aesthetic.

1.
How is Diwali related to the Ramayana?
It is celebrated as the cutting off the nose of the demoness
It is celebrated as Ravana's victory over Rama
It is celebrated as the abduction of Sita
It is celebrated as Rama's victory over Ravana
Rama's victory over Ravana is celebrated as Diwali by Hindus. It is the festival which started when Rama came back to Ayodhya after defeating Ravana
2.
In the story who was the ruler of Lanka?
Rama
Hanuman
Ravana
Sugriv
Ravana was the Brahmin who was the ruler of Lanka - the city of gold
3.
Who was the mother of Bharath?
Sita
Kaushalya
Janak
Kaikeyi
Kaikeyi was the mother of Bharath and the second wife of King Dasharatha. She was the queen who wanted her son Bharath to be the next ruler of the kingdom
4.
Who was the adoptive father of Sita?
Dussashan
Ravan
Raja Janak
Rama
Sita was called the Dharti-Putri (the daughter of the land). King Janak found her and raised her as his own daughter
5.
Who was the ideal royal couple of the Ramayana?
Rama and Sita
Radha and Krishna
Ravan and Madodhari
Arjun and Draupadi
Although all of the couples listed were royal couples, the epic of Ramayana revolves around Rama and Sita
6.
Who wrote the Ramayana?
Homer
Ved Vyas
Virgil
Valmiki
Valmiki was a dacoit (a member of a band of armed robbers) who, after being blessed, became the most knowledgeable man the world has ever known
7.
Why was Rama sent to exile?
Because of his father's promise
Because he had committed a murder
Because he wanted to marry Sita
Because he was a thief
Rama was sent to exile by his father as his father made a promise to fulfil the three wishes of his second wife
8.
What was the name of Rama's mother?
Janak
Kaushalya
Sita
Kaikeyi
Kaushalya was the first wife of King Dasharatha and the mother of Rama
9.
For how many years was Rama sent to exile?
For 7 years
For 14 years
For 21 years
For 28 years
Rama was sent to exile for 14 years by his father
10.
Who was the father of Rama?
Ravan
Dasharatha
Janak
Shri Krishna
Dasharatha was a great king and was the father of Rama

 

Author:  Siddarth Bhattacharjee

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