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Spelling:  Phonemes
Row, row, row your boat, gently down the stream.
Merrily, merrily, merrily, merrily, life is but a dream.

Spelling: Phonemes

A phoneme is a distinguishing speech sound. The English language has 44 phonemes. For example, 'dog' has three phonemes: 'd', 'o' and 'g'. Here are three more phonemes: 'ch', 'sh' and 'oo'.

If you are starting to really enjoy the English language, you will find phonemes ~ and graphemes ~ a source of fascination. For instance, did you know that there are approximately 24 phonemes that are consonants and a whopping 20 phonemes that are vowels. With only 5 vowels in the English alphabet, that's quite something! If you fancy becoming a linguistic (studying languages) when you leave school, phonemes will come in very useful.

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1.
In which one of the following words is the 't' sound heard in 'time' repeated?
Thrash
Train
Thistle
Whistle
'Train' repeats the 't' sound of the phoneme 't'. 'Whistle' and 'thistle' take a silent 't': the 't' is not pronounced
2.
In which one of the following words is the 'f' sound heard in 'fur' repeated?
Through
Although
Tough
Ought
'Tough' repeats the 'f' sound of the phoneme 'f'
3.
In which one of the following words is the 's' sound heard in 'leisure' repeated?
Steal
Measure
Cross
Wastage
'Measure' repeats the 'z' sound of the phoneme 's'
4.
In which one of the following words is the 'ea' sound heard in 'bear' repeated?
Bare
Bar
Bat
Bacon
'Bare' repeats the sound of the phoneme 'ea'
5.
In which one of the following words is the 'c' sound heard in 'cat' repeated?
Celsius
Ceiling
Cesspit
Crank
'Crank' repeats the 'k' sound of the phoneme 'c'
6.
In which one of the following words is the 'ea' sound heard in 'meat' repeated?
Their
Whale
Heat
Sale
'Heat' repeats the 'ea' sound of the phoneme 'ea'
7.
In which one of the following words is the 'y' sound heard in 'sky' repeated?
Yellow
Yell
I
Very
'I' repeats the sound of the phoneme 'y'
8.
In which one of the following words is the 'ch' sound heard in 'chop' repeated?
Ache
Cheese
Acne
Echidna
'Chop' repeats the 'ch' sound of the phoneme 'ch'
9.
In which one of the following words is the 'ee' sound heard in 'beer' repeated?
Tire
Pier
Wear
Their
'Pier' repeats the 'ee' sound of the phoneme 'ee'
10.
In which one of the following words is the 'o' sound heard in 'go' repeated?
Owl
Bolt
Row
Oyster
'Row' repeats the 'o' sound of the phoneme 'o'
Author:  Frank Evans

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