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Britain: Social Change 1960-1979 - Divisions, Conflicts And The Changing Role Of Women
A feminist magazine of the 70s and 80s was called 'Spare Rib', though it owed its name to the myth of Adam and Eve rather than to the food!

Britain: Social Change 1960-1979 - Divisions, Conflicts And The Changing Role Of Women

In GCSE History students will be taught about the social change that took place in Britain between 1960-1979. One area they will look at is that of the division and conflict of the time, including the changing role of women in society.

1960s and 1970s Britain saw the rise of the Women's Liberation Movement, intent on changing the traditional role of women in society. Their efforts led to the enactment of legislation to give women greater equality, especially in the workplace. While the feminist movement was itself divided, a number of spectacular events kept the issue in the public eye. But there were other areas of conflict too...

Learn more about the division and conflict in 60s and 70s Britain and the changing role of women in this enlightening quiz.

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1.
In 1975 Margaret Thatcher was elected Leader of the Conservative Party, the first woman to achieve this office. Whom did she defeat in this election restricted to Tory MPs?
Reginald Maudling
R. A. Butler
Edward Heath
Robert Carr
Mrs. Thatcher had impressed many of her colleagues since her arrival in the Commons. Once the Tories had lost two general elections in 1974 (in both February and October), Thatcher's admirers pressed her case
2.
In 1968 disorder broke out in Northern Ireland, beginning a thirty year period of the "Troubles". The movement for civil rights in the Province highlighted discrimination there as a burning issue. Which was the most significant kind of discrimination complained about in Northern Ireland?
By the Protestant majority against the Roman Catholic minority
By employers against employees
By landowners against tenants
By men against women
Belated attempts were made by the province's government and the London government to rectify grievances, but already the situation was spiralling out of control
3.
Every Easter from the late 1950s a march took place from the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment at Aldermaston, near Reading, to London. It was organised by a pressure group, calling for the unilateral renunciation of nuclear armaments. What was the name of this organisation?
The Peace Pledge Union
The Committee of 100
The Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament
The Peace People
This was a group dominated by educated middle class people, but it did attract support from a number of "celebrities"
4.
A wave of student unrest gripped certain UK universities in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Which college, a constituent part of London University, founded in 1895 to concentrate on the social sciences, politics and government, suffered serious disruption between 1966 and 1969?
Royal Holloway College
University College (UCL)
The LSE
King's College
Student unrest was by no means confined to London. Cambridge, and new universities with large social science faculties, were also affected
5.
In April 1968 Enoch Powell, a minister in the Shadow Cabinet, made an inflammatory speech in Birmingham about immigration into Britain from the "New Commonwealth". What "remedy" did he propose for what he perceived as a "problem"?
Forcible repatriation
Voluntary repatriation
Forcible enclosure in ghettos
Redistribution around the country to avoid concentrations of immigrants and their dependants in a few places
Powell received much support, but he was dismissed from the Shadow Cabinet and the "Times" condemned what it called "an evil speech"
6.
Demonstrations against the United States' policy in Vietnam became more frequent, and were often directed against the US embassy. In which Central London square were these demonstrations concentrated?
Manchester Square
Grosvenor Square
Hanover Square
Trafalgar Square
Large numbers of police - including mounted officers - were deployed on these occasions, and were successful in defending the embassy of an ally
7.
During the 1960s and 1970s violence erupted in various seaside resorts between rival gangs of young people. What labels did the two sides give themselves?
Mods and Rockers
Teds and Toffs
Punks and Squares
Straights and Gays
The violence was caused by a small minority, but the enjoyment of many ordinary people was spoilt
8.
In 1972 a magazine was first brought out as an unashamedly feminist publication. It closed in 1993. What was its name?
Cosmopolitan
Woman's Own
Spare Rib
Feminism Today
By 1993 many women's demands had been met
9.
In 1970 a group of militant feminists disrupted a televised beauty contest in London. What was the name of the competition?
Miss Great Britain
Miss UK
Miss England
Miss World
Feminists were divided - rather like Suffragists and Suffragettes. Militants favoured direct action like this flour bomb assault on a popular TV programme; more moderate followers felt that this kind of protest would lose the movement support
10.
In 1970 an Australian-born feminist writer published "the Female Eunuch", which was an instant success and became a key text of the women's movement. Who was she?
Carmen Callil
Germaine Greer
Joan Littlewood
Linda Rothstadt
The author went on to become an icon of the women's movement and a contributor to the debates that divided the movement in and beyond the 1970s
Author:  Edward Towne

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