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Cold War: 1963-1969 - The Invasion Of Czechoslovakia
The invasion of Czechoslovakia began on the night of the 20th of August, 1968.

Cold War: 1963-1969 - The Invasion Of Czechoslovakia

In GCSE History students will look at the Cold War, which lasted from the end of World War II until the fall of the Soviet Union. One aspect of the Cold War they will cover will be the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968.

In 1968 the Soviet Union led a Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, in order to bring to an end the reforms introduced by the new government. They feared that the virus of reform could spread to other communist countries, and that Czechoslovakia could leave the Warsaw Pact and join NATO instead. The invasion guaranteed that that would not happen.

Discover more about the Cold War in Central Europe in this quiz.

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1.
Who was the Czechoslovak Party Secretary whose name is associated with the reforms introduced there in early 1968?
Palach
Sik
Benes
Dubcek
A new leadership contrasted starkly with its Stalinist predecessors which had repressed the Czechoslovak people since 1948
2.
Which of the Warsaw Pact invaders of 1968 did not share a border with Czechoslovakia?
Bulgaria
Hungary
The Soviet Union
East Germany
Most Warsaw Pact countries did have common borders with Czechoslovakia, which made them even keener to avoid contamination with liberal policies
3.
Which hard line Communist leader was replaced as Secretary of the Czechoslovak Communist Party a few months before the Warsaw Pact invasion?
Gottwald
Novotny
Grotewohl
Strougal
Czechoslovakia seemed to be going the way of Hungary in 1956: liberal reforms in a heady atmosphere of liberation and the ousting of previous, more repressive leaders
4.
What name was given to the Soviet view that Communist states should enjoy only limited sovereignty, as even their internal policies could affect their neighbours?
The Molotov Doctrine
The Bulganin Doctrine
The Chernenko Doctrine
The Brezhnev Doctrine
The Soviet Union and most of its allies believed that members of the Soviet bloc should expect to have their policies, domestic and foreign, criticised and amended by their neighbours
5.
From which part of Czechoslovakia did the new leader come?
Bohemia
Slovakia
Moravia
Teschen
Czechoslovakia was divided between the industrialised and advanced west, and the more backward and agricultural east
6.
Which Soviet leader was forced to resign as Communist Party Secretary in 1964, and replaced by Brezhnev, Kosygin and the ideologist Suslov?
Khrushchev
Malenkov
Ponamaryev
Andropov
Khrushchev had made mistakes: the so-called "Virgin Lands" scheme in Central Asia and the failure to defeat the United States in the Cuba Crisis of 1962, among them
7.
Who was the President of Czechoslovakia during 1968?
Hacha
Svoboda
Zatopek
Masaryk
The Czechoslovak head of state was the President, more of a figurehead than the Party Secretary
8.
What name is usually given to the series of reforms passed by the new Party leadership in Czechoslovakia in nearly 1968, in an atmosphere of optimism - especially among young people?
The Czech Spring
The Czechoslovak Spring
The Prague Spring
The New Turning Point
The new reforms, particularly relaxation of censorship, permission to travel abroad and the right to create political parties other than the Communists, alarmed the USSR and its other allies
9.
Which Warsaw Pact state refused to join in the invasion of Czechoslovakia in August 1968?
Romania
Albania
Yugoslovia
Poland
One member state of the Warsaw Pact believed that all members should be freer to pursue their own policies
10.
Who was the Soviet choice of Czechoslovak Party Secretary after the invasion?
Kadar
Gomulka
Zhivkov
Husak
Henceforward the Soviet Union used a compliant, "puppet" President to ensure that there would be no return to the liberal policies of 1968
Author:  Edward Towne

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