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Spelling:  Phonemes
The word 'cat' has three phonemes.

Spelling: Phonemes

Time for a KS2 English spelling quiz, focusing on phonemes! A phoneme is a single language sound. 'Cat' has three phonemes - 'c', 'a', and 't'. A grapheme is a letter or combo of letters that spells a phoneme. The 'c' sound in 'cat' can also be 'k' in 'kettle' or 'ck' in 'brick'. Learning phonics helps with spelling.

Play this quiz on phonemes and the one on graphemes for a complete understanding of the differences!

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1.
Which one of these words shares the 'f' sound heard in 'farm'?
Of
Plenty
Pharmacy
Oven
'Ph' is pronounced 'f', as in 'phone'. The 'f' in 'of' makes a different sound. Say it carefully and you will hear a 'v' as in 'oven'.
2.
Which one of these words shares the 'w' sound heard in 'winter'?
Saw
Flew
King
Queen
Although you can see the letter 'w' in 'saw' and 'flew', you do not hear it as a 'w' sound. Say the word 'queen' carefully and you will hear the 'w'.
3.
Which of these words shares the 'e' sound heard in 'he'?
Elephant
Easy
Set
Head
The 's' in 'easy' has a 'z' sound.
4.
Which one of these words shares the 'th' sound heard in 'bother'?
Theory
Weather
Thankful
Path
In these words you can hear two different sounds that the grapheme 'th' can make, but you have to listen carefully. Other languages use different spellings to show the difference between the two sounds. In Welsh, the 'th' of 'path' is spelled 'th', while the 'th' sound heard in 'weather' is spelled with a 'dd'.
5.
Which one of these words shares the 'z' sound heard in 'zoo'?
Please
X-ray
Silent
Skewer
The word 'please' sounds as if it could be written 'pleeze'!
6.
Which of these words shares the 's' sound heard in 'super'?
Potion
Share
Mice
Cries
'Potion' and 'share' make a 'sh' sound, while the 's' in 'cries' makes a 'z' sound.
7.
Which of these words shares the 'i' sound heard in 'fin'?
Final
Fright
Type
Trip
The 'i' in final and fright sounds like the word 'eye'.
8.
Which one of these words shares the 'j' sound heard in 'jelly'?
Gum
Fudge
Greek
Gammon
The correct answer sounds like fuj.
9.
Which of these words shares the 'ou' sound heard in 'mouse'?
Enough
Should
Now
Flow
The 'ou' spelling can represent many different phonemes - see the grapheme quiz for more practice.
10.
Which of these words shares the 'b' sound heard in 'bird'?
Land
Comb
Robber
Crumb
Although you can see the letter 'b' in 'comb' and 'crumb', you can't hear it!
You can find more about this topic by visiting BBC Bitesize - Spelling

Author:  Sheri Smith

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