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The peacock is the national bird of India

India

India’s history goes back to ancient times and its culture is one of the oldest and richest in the world. It is also a country of extremes with many people living in crowded, bustling cities and others relying on subsistence farming in the countryside. The tempo of life in India varies greatly from region to region and community to community. In rural areas, age-old traditional ways of life continue. Most of the people farm the land, with most of the work done by hand or with animal power. Many small villages remain isolated from most forms of media and communications.

India also has a mixture of peoples who have blended together since ancient times. They speak many languages, including Hindi, Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Oriya, Punjabi, and Assamese. Many Indians speak Hindi or English as a second language.

About three-quarters of Indians are Hindus. Muslims form the next-largest religious group. Others follow Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism, or other religions.

With an area of more than 1.2 million square miles (3.1 million square kilometres), India is the seventh largest country in the world and the second most populated country in the world after China. Much of this area is a peninsula jutting into the Indian Ocean between the Arabian Sea on the west and the Bay of Bengal on the east. India shares borders with Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar.

India’s wildlife includes tigers, lions, leopards, elephants, rhinoceroses, bears, and deer. Monkeys and cows are common even in cities. The peacock is the national bird. The best-known reptile is the cobra. Indian food can vary greatly from region to region. For instance, rice is the main staple throughout the south and east, and flat wheat bread is the main staple in the north and northwest. There are many festivals that are celebrated throughout India every year. Diwali is probably the most widely observed Hindu festival. It is a new year celebration and lasts for five days in late October or early November.

1.
In what continent is India?
Asia
Africa
America
Antarctica
The Republic of India is in the continent of Asia.
2.
What is the capital city of India?
Mumbai
Kolkata
Bombay
New Delhi
The National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and a union territory of India containing New Delhi, the capital of India.
3.
Which river is crucial for India, culturally, economically and environmentally?
Nile
Ganges
Brahmaputra
Sindhu
The River Ganges is crucial for India, culturally, economically and environmentally. It is around 2,510km long.
4.
What is the most spoken language in India?
English
Hindi
Bengali
Urdu
There are actually over 20 different languages spoken in India including Hindi, Bengali and English.
5.
Which of these physical geography features does India NOT have?
Desert
Mountains
Plains
Tundra
India has a diverse physical geography including mountains ranges, plains, islands, desert and plateau regions.
6.
Where in India would you find the home of Bollywood?
New Delhi
Kolkata
Mumbai
Jaipur
‘Bollywood’ is the name given to the world famous Hindi cinema industry based in Mumbai.
7.
Where does the majority of the population live in India?
Villages
Towns
Cities
Metropolis
Most people in India live in rural villages where subsistence farming is central to the way of life.
8.
India has three distinct seasons: winter, summer and what else?
Autumn
Spring
Hurricane
Monsoon
India has three distinct seasons: winter, summer and monsoon.
9.
A monsoon is a seasonal shift in wind direction. What can it cause?
Snow
Heavy rainfall
Wind
Fog
A monsoon is a seasonal shift in wind direction. It can cause heavy rainfall.
10.
Which of these is a hugely popular tourist attraction in India?
Niagara Falls
Mount Everest
Gobi Desert
Taj Mahal
Tourism is of great importance to the Indian economy and destinations, such as the Taj Mahal, are hugely popular.
Author:  Helen Woodman

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