One aspect of geography that is studied in KS2 is mountains. Children will learn about some of the highest mountains in the word and also mountain ranges, but the main focus of their study is the climates and the environments that are found on mountains.
Mountains are large steep hills found all over the world, but even ones in hot countries have cold climates at their highest altitudes. The tops of the highest mountains are dangerous environments for a human. The temperature is bitterly cold and there is very little oxygen in the air. The adjective 'montane' is used to describe mountainous areas and things associated with them. Did you know that the highest known mountain in the Solar System is on the planet Mars? It is over twice the height of Mount Everest!
Test yourself on the climates and environments found on mountains by playing this quiz. Can you reach the lofty heights of ten correct answers?
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