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Practice - Prehistory and Ancient Civilisations - 08

Welcome to an exciting journey back in time! We'll explore the intriguing world of the Sumerians, one of the first human civilisations in the world. Are you ready to unlock the secrets of ancient Sumer and learn about their unique and revolutionary contributions to mankind? Let's discover how well you know your ancient history! Be warned; the quest might be challenging but it's also rewarding! So, let's see if you have what it takes to be a Sumerian savant! Best of luck, Historian!
1.
When did the Sumerian civilisation exist?
4500 to 1900 BC
1000 to 500 BC
1100 to 700 AD
2000 to 1500 BC
The Sumerian civilisation is one of the earliest known civilisations, it existed roughly between 4500 BC to 1900 BC.
2.
How did the Sumerian civilisation end?
Through a natural disaster
By defeat to the Akkadian Empire
Through internal civil war
By a plague
Sumer was gradually absorbed by the Akkadian Empire after its conquest by Sargon of Akkad in 2334 BC.
3.
What was the primary building material used in Sumerian architecture?
Wood
Stone
Mud-brick
Metals
Due to the lack of stone and wood in Sumer, they resorted to using mud-bricks in their architecture.
4.
What is the Sumerian writing system called?
Hieroglyphs
Cuneiform
Akkadian
Linear A
Cuneiform, a system of writing using wedge-shaped marks, was developed by the Sumerians around 3200 BC.
5.
What was the form of government in Sumer?
Democracy
Monarchy
Theocracy
Oligarchy
Society in Sumer was a theocracy, meaning the government was run by religious leaders.
6.
Which complex structure is the Sumerian civilisation known for inventing?
Pyramids
Ziggurats
Castles
Skyscrapers
The Sumerians constructed ziggurats, which were large stepped towers used for religious ceremonies.
7.
Our number system is based on the number 10. What number was the Sumerian number system based on?
5
20
60
100
The Sumerian number system was sexagesimal, which means it was based on the number 60. That is why we now have 60 seconds in a minute and 360 degrees in a circle.
8.
Which great epic, one of the oldest known works of literature, originated in Sumer?
Epic of Gilgamesh
Illiad
Odyssey
Aeneid
The 'Epic of Gilgamesh', one of the oldest known works of literature, is based on the life and adventures of a real Sumerian king named Gilgamesh.
9.
What are the Sumerians credited with inventing?
The wheel
The compass
Concrete
The printing press
The Sumerians are credited with the invention of the wheel, possibly first used as pottery wheels around 3500 BC, before its use was extended to transportation.
10.
Where was Sumer located?
In present-day India
In present-day Greece
In present-day Egypt
In present-day Iraq
Sumer was located in what is now Southern Iraq, a region often referred to as Mesopotamia which means 'land between the rivers' referring to the Tigris and Euphrates.
Author:  Graeme Haw

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