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The Parts of a Plant
A tree's stem is called a trunk.

The Parts of a Plant

In this KS2 Science quiz we look at the names and functions of some plant parts, such as roots, stems, leaves and flowers.

You may know the different parts of a plant but did you know they all have a function, or job? Leaves, for example, catch sunlight and turn it into food, and roots suck up water and nutrients from the ground. The Venus Flytrap is one of the most unusual plants in the world. Unlike the vast majority of plants, the Venus Flytrap is meat-eating - it traps and digests insects! Despite this, the Venus Flytrap still behaves like other plants - it can make food from sunlight falling on its leaves - and has the same parts as other plants.

Do you know the function of flowers, or which part of a plant transports water from its roots to its other parts? How well do you know the parts of plants? Test your plant knowledge with this science quiz.

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1.
Which parts of a plant anchor it to the ground and also absorb water from the soil?
Stem
Flowers
Roots
Leaves
Nutrients are also absorbed from the soil by roots
2.
What do we call a tree's stem?
Its tap root
Its trunk
Its bud
Its seed pod
Tree trunks are much harder than the stems of other types of plants - that's because they are made of wood!
3.
Which part of a flower produces pollen grains?
The ovary
The anther
The sepal
The petals
The anther is a part of the stamen
4.
Flowers play a role in which of a plant's life processes?
Plant nutrition
Plant excretion
Plant reproduction
Plant respiration
Flowers are where pollen is transferred, eggs are fertilised and seeds and fruits develop
5.
Which parts of a plant contain chlorophyll and are essential for photosynthesis?
Roots
Flowers
Seeds
Leaves
Chlorophyll gives leaves their green colour
6.
Which part of a plant transports water from its roots to the rest of the plant?
Stem
Flowers
Seeds
Leaves
Stems also provide support for plants and help leaves to reach the sunlight
7.
What will the fertilised ovary of a flower become?
A root
A fruit
A shoot
A stalk
All fruits grow from fertilised flowers and contain seeds - except those few which have been bred to be seedless (like some clementines and grapes)
8.
What do buds become?
Leaves
Flowers
Branches
All of the above
Did you know that Brussels sprouts are actually buds?
9.
Which one of the following is not one of the female parts of a flower?
Stamen
Ovary
Stigma
Style
The stamen is the male part of a flower
10.
When a seed germinates, what is the first plant part to grow out of the seed?
A flower
A leaf
A shoot
A root
First the root grows, then a shoot

 

Author:  Sheri Smith

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