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Textiles 02
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Textiles 02

This KS3 Design and Technology quiz tests you further on textiles. All textiles are made from fibres. The fibres may be natural and come from animals or plants. Or they may be synthetic and come from minerals such as coal or oil. There are even some synthetic fabrics that are made from plant materials. But whichever type of fabric you are using for your design, it needs joining together. The best way to join fabrics is by sewing - the yarn is as flexible as the fabric. When cutting fabrics, they need to be cut a little larger than the pattern to allow for sewing a seam.

Fabrics can be decorated in many ways. They can be dyed, screen printed, embroidered and more. Patterns can be created in the fabric at the weaving or knitting stage by using coloured yarns - carpets and your Christmas jumper are two good examples. Once a fabric has been turned into a garment, soft toy or other item, at some point it will need washing and drying. Every fabric article has a care label sewn into it. This contains standard symbols that tells the owner how the item should be washed.

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1.
Most bought garments have the inside edge neatened with stitching called .......
adjoining
finishing
overlocking
trimming
There are many types of stitching, some are specifically designed for strength and others for a decorative effect
2.
What does a cross through a fabric care symbol mean?
Do not
Dry clean
Handwash
Wash separately
It's always a good idea to check labels before washing. If you ignore them, you could easily ruin the fabric
3.
Sewing different coloured shapes of fabric onto the main fabric using a close zig-zag stitch is .......
applique
batik
embroidery
tie dyeing
It is the fabric equivalent of making a collage in art lessons
4.
When cutting patterns from fabric, why should you allow extra around the pattern?
In case of accidentally cutting too small
Seam allowance for joining pieces together
The design will shrink, so it has to be made bigger
The extra is where the buttons will be placed
Seam allowances are usually around 15mm
5.
What is the channel called where a cord or elastic is threaded?
Casing
Funnel
Subway
Tube
It is made by folding the fabric and stitching the base of the fold together
6.
Stitching a pattern onto a fabric with coloured silky threads is .......
applique
batik
embroidery
tie dyeing
Beginners can use fabric that has been printed very lightly with the final design - a bit like a colouring book or painting by numbers
7.
Painting wax onto the fabric before dyeing is called .......
applique
batik
embroidery
tie dyeing
The dye can't go where the wax is
8.
Which of these decoration techniques is a one-off?
Block printing
CAM Embroidery
Screen printing
Transfer painting
If the motif is simple, it also doesn't take long
9.
What stitch length would you use on thick fabric such as cotton duck or corduroy to make a permanent seam?
0.1 mm
1 mm
4 mm
10 mm
Longer stitches will hold a thicker material together better than short ones. Very long stitches like 10 mm are only used to 'tack' fabrics on a temporary basis
10.
Which of these fastenings is the easiest to use?
Button
Press stud
Toggle
Velcro
It is also strong
Author:  Frank Evans

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