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Language - Opposites Attract!
Wet and dry are opposites or antonyms. How would you say 'wet' and 'dry' if you were speaking Spanish?

Language - Opposites Attract!

This Spanish Difficult Review quiz will take a look at opposites that attract such as wet and dry or fast and slow. If you have taken the Spanish Medium Review quiz under the same title that is found here, then you should find this quiz to be very familiar as it will work in exactly the same manner as the previous quiz.

As you may recall, there must be opposition in everything. How can you enjoy the good times if you haven’t experienced the bad times? How can you understand bitter if you haven’t tasted the sweet? How can you enjoy the heat if you haven’t experienced the cold? The list goes on and on. When you use words that are the exact opposite of each other or are nearly the exact opposite, those words are known as antonyms.

ANTONYMS

Antonyms are, for the most part, adjectives as they are used to describe people, places and things. What makes them a little more tricky or interesting in Spanish is that the antonyms (adjectives) take on the gender of the word that they are describing, i.e., masculine and/or feminine. You are already familiar with many Spanish antonyms but here are a few more to add to your list.

OPPOSITES

ENGLISH SPANISH
angle ángulo [m]
deep profundo / profunda
shallow poco profundo / poca profunda
dry seco / seca
wet mojado / mojada (note that the J sounds like an H)
fast rápido / rápida
slow lento / lenta
quiet tranquilo / tranquila (note that the QU sounds like a K)
loud fuerte (for both masculine and feminine)
brave valiente (for both masculine and feminine)
scared asustado / asustada
awake despierto / despierta
asleep dormido / dormida
warm caliente (for both masculine and feminine)
cool fresco / fresca
right correcto / correcta
wrong equivocado / equivocada (note that the QU sounds like a K)
clean limpio / limpia
dirty sucio / sucia
cheap barato / barata
expensive caro / cara
easy fácil (for both masculine and feminine)
difficult difícil (for both masculine and feminine)
tight apretado / apretada
loose suelto / suelta
strong duro / dura
weak débil (for both masculine and feminine)

With this list you should have a pretty big reserve of opposite words in your vocabulary bank. Now, let’s put them to the test in sentences. To get the answer correct, you will need to know the gender of the words that are being referred to. As the sentences provided are given in English, that will require you to remember the Spanish name for the object of the sentence. You’re up for the challenge – right? Then it is time to face the opposition! Remember, in this case the all capitalized adjective is not the word you are looking for but, rather, it’s opposite meaning!

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1.
Sally’s shoes are DRY.
mojadas
secos
mojados
secas
The object/noun being described are Sally’s shoes. As they are plural, so too should the adjective be plural. Each answer shows the plural form of the adjective. The Spanish word for shoes is zapatos which is a masculine word. The first and last answer show feminine words so they can be eliminated. The adjective given is dry. However, you are looking for the opposite of dry which would be wet. The second and last answers are the Spanish word for dry so these are not correct. The Spanish masculine adjective for wet is mojados.
2.
Katy played in the DEEP water.
poca profunda
profundo
profunda
poco profundo
This one might be a little confusing at first. The object/noun being described is water or agua in Spanish. It is a feminine word. The second and last answers show masculine words so they can be eliminated. The adjective is deep but you need to find the opposite of that which would be shallow. In Spanish, deep and shallow look almost the same except that the word poco (little bit) is placed before the word for deep (profundo/profunda). This means a little bit deep or, in other words, shallow. The third answer means deep but you want the opposite. The first answer is the feminine form that means shallow.
3.
The air was COOL.
fresca
caliente
fresco
seco
The object/noun being described is the air which in Spanish is aire which is a masculine word. The first answer shows a feminine word so it can be eliminated. The given adjective is cool but you need to find the opposite of that which would be warm. The last answer means dry so it is not correct. The third answer means cool. That is not the opposite. The second answer means warm. Note that caliente is used for both masculine and feminine.
4.
The class is LOUD.
ausente
tranquilo
tranquila
fuerte
The object/noun being described is the class which in Spanish is clase which is a feminine word. The second answer shows a masculine word so it can be eliminated. The given adjective is loud but you need to find the opposite of that which would be quiet. The first answer means absent. That is not the opposite. The last answer means loud. That is the same. The third answer means quiet and it is in the feminine form.
5.
Firemen are SCARED.
asustados
valiente
asustado
valientes
The object/noun being described are firemen which in Spanish is bomberos. This word is masculine and in the plural form. The second and third answers show words in the singular form so they can be eliminated. The adjective is scared which is asustados in Spanish. That leaves the last answer which is the plural adjective for brave. Notice that valiente is the same in both the masculine and feminine form.
6.
The dishes are DIRTY.
limpios
sucias
limpias
sucios
The object/noun being described are dishes which in Spanish is platos. This word is masculine and in the plural form. The second and third answers show the feminine form so they can be eliminated. The given adjective is dirty but you need to find the opposite which would be clean. The last answer means dirty so that is not correct. The first answer means clean and shows the correct masculine and plural form.
7.
The test was EASY.
fácil
difícil
difíciles
fáciles
The object/noun being described is test which in Spanish is prueba. This word is feminine and in the singular form. The third and last answers show the plural form so they can be eliminated. The given adjective is easy and the opposite of that is difficult. The first answer means easy so it is not correct. The second answer means difficult. Notice that the Spanish words for easy and difficult are spelled the same with both masculine and feminine objects.
8.
The ticket was EXPENSIVE.
caro
cara
barato
barata
The object/noun being described is ticket which in Spanish is billete. This word is masculine and in the singular form. The second and last answers show the feminine form so they can be eliminated. The first answer means expensive so it, too, can be eliminated. The third answer is the masculine form for cheap.
9.
My pants are LOOSE.
suelta
apretados
suelto
apretadas
The object/noun being described are pants which in Spanish is pantalones. This word is masculine and in the plural form. The first and last answers show the feminine form so they can be eliminated. In addition, the third answer shows the singular form. It, too, can be eliminated. The second answer is the only answer left and it is the opposite of the given adjective loose as it means tight. It is also in the masculine, plural form.
10.
Mother was AWAKE all night.
dormida
despierta
despierto
dormido
The object/noun being described is mother which in Spanish is madre. This word is feminine and in the singular form. The third and last answers show the masculine form so they can be eliminated. The second answer means awake. That is not the opposite. The opposite would be asleep which is dormida. The first answer is the feminine, singular form for asleep.
Author:  Christine G. Broome

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