This Spanish Medium Review quiz will cover how to use the demonstrative adjectives of this and that and these and those. In other words, they are used to point to something such as 'that book' or 'those shoes'.
In English, this and that are the singular form of demonstrative adjectives while these and those are the plural forms. That’s a total of 4 demonstrative adjectives. As you know, Spanish uses masculine words and feminine words and that also holds true when it comes to demonstrative adjectives. Therefore, there are a total of 12 demonstrative adjective in Spanish. Those 12 are as follows:
You might be wondering why there are different ways to say that and those, i.e., 'ese/aquel, esos/aquellos' and 'esa/aquella, esas/aquellas'. The difference has to do with distance. For example, in English we would say, 'that dress' when we are referring to something closer to us or in our minds (such as 'that dress I wore on my birthday'). In Spanish we would say, ese vestido. If the dress is at a distance from us, in English we would say, 'that dress over there'. It points to the fact that the dress is located away from you. In Spanish to indicate this distance you would say, 'aquel vestido'. Therefore, 'aquel, aquellos, aquella' and 'aquellas' should be used when indicating a distance where in English it would be said as 'over there'.
Looking at the examples given above, i.e., 'this book' and 'those shoes', in Spanish these would read as, 'este libro' and 'esos zapatos'. As the objects/nouns are masculine, so are the demonstrative adjectives. For 'that house' you would have 'esa casa'. House is feminine so the demonstrative adjective is also feminine. Happily it is a simple rule to remember.
Now it is time to take the quiz. There are ten sentences with each sentence containing a demonstrative adjective. Your task is to find the demonstrative adjective (as it will not be shown in all capitalized letters) and then locate the Spanish demonstrative adjective that can replace the English one. Do not forget to watch for masculine and feminine words and whether the object is singular or plural.