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Science - Skeletal Bones
You may know the English names for the bones in our skeleton, but what are they called in Spanish?

Science - Skeletal Bones

This quiz is one of four Spanish science quizzes that you are being provided with here in the Spanish Medium Review quiz series. The science quizzes are designed only to help you learn new vocabulary words and not new information. Most of the information you should have already learned in your regular science classes and/or if you have taken the GRADE 7, Science – Basic Anatomy: The Skeleton quiz. With the understanding that you have already studied the skeletal bones, in this Spanish Medium Review quiz you will look at the science of the human body’s skeletal bones. Again, it will focus solely on the Spanish vocabulary words that are used to describe the same terms of the bones of the human skeleton. No detailed descriptions of the skeleton will be given here.

When you get to the quiz section after this introduction, you will be given ten descriptions from which you will need to find the correct Spanish word that the description has described. For a quiz refresher on the descriptions, you might want to take a look back at the GRADE 7 quiz mentioned above. However, for now, let’s simply take a look at your new Spanish vocabulary list.

THE BONES

ENGLISH SPANISH
skeleton esqueleto [m]
bone hueso (note that the H is silent and the word sounds line way-so) [m]
femur fémur [m]
fibula peroné [m]
clavicle clavícula [f]
humerus húmero [m]
mandible / jaw mandíbula [m]
maxilla maxilar [m]
metacarpal metacarpiano [m]
metatarsal metatarso [m]
patella rótula [f]
pelvis pelvis [f]
phalanges falange [f]
radius radio [m]
rib costilla [f]
sacrum sacro [m]
scapula escápula [f]
skull cráneo [m]
sternum esternón [m]
tarsal tarso [m]
tibia tibia [f]
ulna cúbito [m]
vertebra vértebra [f]
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1.
This is also known as the shin bone.
fémur
tibia
rótula
tarso
The shin bone is also known as the tibia. The Spanish word for tibia is tibia.
2.
This is the bone that connects the base of the spine with the legs.
pelvis
metacarpiano
húmero
cúbito
The bone that connects the base of the spine with the legs is known as the pelvis. The Spanish word for pelvis is pelvis.
3.
This bone is also known as the shoulder blade.
esternón
clavícula
escápula
costilla
The bone that is also known as the shoulder blade is the scapula. The Spanish word for scapula is escápula.
4.
This is also known as the spinal column.
hueso
peroné
metacarpiano
vértebra
The bone also known as the spinal column is the vertebra. The Spanish word for vertebra is vertebra.
5.
This is also known as the collarbone.
rótula
clavícula
falange
sacro
The bone that is also known as the collarbone is the clavicle. The Spanish word for clavicle is clavícula.
6.
This protects the brain and supports the soft tissue of the head.
falange
hueso
costilla
cráneo
It is the skull that protects the brain and supports the soft tissue of the head. The Spanish word for skull is cráneo.
7.
This is also known as the jaw bone.
metatarso
maxilar
mandíbula
metacarpiano
The bone that is known as the jaw bone is the mandible. The Spanish word for mandible is mandíbula.
8.
These bones make up the knuckles on the hands.
metacarpianos
húmeros
sacros
metatarsos
The bones that make up the knuckles on the hands are known as the metacarpals. The Spanish word for metacarpals is metacarpianos.
9.
This is the thigh bone and it is the longest, strongest and heaviest bone of the human body.
peroné
tibia
fémur
hueso
The bone that is the thigh bone and is the longest, strongest and heaviest bone of the human body is known as the femur. The Spanish word for femur is fémur. Notice the accent mark over the 'e'.
10.
These are long curved bones that form a cage that protects the organs found in the chest.
rótulas
costillas
esqueletos
falanges
The long curved bones that form a cage that protects the organs found in the chest are known as the ribs. The Spanish word for ribs is costillas.
Author:  Christine G. Broome

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