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Writing - Putting Two Sentences Together (2)
'Carol likes to wear pajamas. Her friend likes to wear nightgowns.' How would you say those two sentences if you were speaking Spanish?

Writing - Putting Two Sentences Together (2)

In this Spanish Medium Review quiz you will once again get the opportunity to put two sentences together. In fact, this quiz is the sister quiz to the Spanish Medium Review quiz titled Writing: Putting Two Sentences Together (1). In the first quiz you were shown sentences in English that had to then be translated into Spanish. Here you will be doing the reverse. In other words, you will be shown two sentences together in Spanish and you will need to find the proper English translation for the two sentences.

Again, as this is a WRITING quiz, you will be required to write down what you believe to be the proper English translation. Next - compare what you wrote with the given answers to see if your translation matches any one of them. How close did you come to one of the given answers? Remember as you to this, do not forget spelling, verb tenses and masculine and feminine words.

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1.
Jorge y María casaron en mayo. Ella fue una hermosa novia!
George and Mary came in May. She was the first to arrive!
George and Mary moved in May. She was a new wife!
George and Mary married in May. She was a beautiful bride!
George and Marry raced in May. She was the first to finish!
Each sentence has correctly translated Jorge y María as George and Mary. The verb in the first sentence is casaron which is a past tense verb. It means married. In the second sentence, una hermosa novia means a beautiful bride. Now you know that the third answer is the correct translation.
2.
El profesor lee la lección. Los estudiantes escuchan.
The teacher sees the lesson. The students believe.
The teacher reads the lesson. The students listen.
The teacher shows the lesson. The students learn.
The teacher gives the lesson. The students listen.
Each answer has correctly translated El profesor as The teacher, la lección as the lesson and Los estudiantes as The students. Now determine the pronoun that can replace the teacher. That would be he. The verb in the first sentence is lee. It is Spanish for he reads. The second answer is the only answer that shows he reads. The pronoun that can replace the students in the second sentence is they. The verb escuchan is Spanish for they listen meaning that the second answer is the correct translation.
3.
El perro cogió la pelota. El gato cogió la rata.
The dog caught the ball. The cat caught the rat.
The dog caught the ball. The goat caught the rat.
The dog catches the ball. The cat catches the rat.
The dog catches the ball. The goat catches the rat.
Each answer has correctly translated El perro as The dog and la pelota as the ball. The verb cogió is a past tense verb that means caught. The third and last answers can now be eliminated as they show a present tense verb. El gato means The cat which means that the second answer can now be eliminated leaving you with the first answer which is the correct translation.
4.
Él abre la puerta. Ella caminó en.
He opens the door. She walks in.
He opened the door. She walked in.
He opened the door. She walks in.
He opens the door. She walked in.
In the first sentence the word abre is the present tense form for he opens. This means that the second and third answers can be eliminated as they show the past tense form of the verb. In the second sentence the verb caminó is the past tense from for she walked which now means that the first answer can be eliminated as it shows the present tense form. The last answer shows the correct translation for both of the given sentences.
5.
El abogado dejó en el invierno. Él dejó para ir a Dinamarca.
The lawyer left in the winter. He left to go to Denmark.
The lawyer left in the spring. He left to go to Denmark.
The lawyer left in the fall. He left to go to Denmark.
The lawyer left in the summer. He left to go to Denmark.
Each answer has correctly translated the second sentence. In the first sentence, each answer has correctly translated 'El abogado dejó en el' as 'The lawyer left in the'. The only word to figure out is the word invierno. Invierno is Spanish for winter. This means that the first answer shows the correct translation for both of the given sentences.
6.
Carol gusta llevar pijamas. Su amiga gusta llevar camisones.
Carol likes to sew pajamas. Her friend likes to sew nightgowns.
Carol likes to buy pajamas. Her friend likes to buy nightgowns.
Carol likes to wear pajamas. Her friend likes to wear nightgowns.
Carol likes to clean pajamas. Her friend likes to clean nightgowns.
Each answer has correctly translated Carol gusta and pijamas as Carol likes and pajamas in the first sentence and Su Amiga gusta and camisones as Her friend likes and nightgowns in the second sentence. What is left to be translated is the verb llevar. As it has an AR ending we know it is a base verb which means the word 'to' will appear before it. It does so in each answer. The Spanish verb llevar means to wear. It also means to carry such as 'you carry your clothing'. The third answer is the answer that shows the correct translation of the verb llevar making it the correct full translation.
7.
Mi tía pone pepinos en su ensalada. Mi madre pone zanahorias en su ensalada.
My aunt puts lettuce in her salad. My mother puts onions in her salad.
My aunt puts peppers in her salad. My mother puts avocados in her salad.
My aunt puts red peppers in her salad. My mother puts leeks in her salad.
My aunt puts cucumbers in her salad. My mother puts carrots in her salad.
Each answer has correctly translated Mi tía pone as My aunt puts and en su ensalada as in her salad in the first sentence. Each answer has also correctly translated Mi madre pone as My mother puts and en su salada as in her salad. What needs to be determined now is what does pepinos mean in the first sentence and what does zanahorias mean in the second sentence. Pepinos is Spanish for cucumbers and zanahorias is Spanish for carrots. The last answer shows the correct translation of both sentences.
8.
El alcalde trabaja en el Ayuntamiento. El bombero trabaja en la estación de bomberos.
The actor works in entertainment. The fireman works in the fire station.
The Mayor works in City Hall. The fireman works in the fire station.
The artists word in the auditorium. The fireman works in the fire station.
The undertaker works in the morgue. The fireman works in the first station.
Each answer has correctly translated the second sentence. In the first sentence, each answer shows a different translation for El alcalde and el Ayuntamiento. El alcalde is Spanish for The Mayor and el Ayuntamiento is Spanish for City Hall. The second answer is the answer that shows the correct translation for both of the given sentences.
9.
Ella deslizó abajo el tobogán. Él escaló arriba de las escaleras.
She slid down the slide. He climbed up the stairs.
She decided to buy a sled. He escaped up the ladder.
She delivered a sled to her grandmother. He carried marbles to school.
She slowly drank the liquid. He quickly scaled the escalator.
In this case each answer has provided completely different translations. Other than Ella for She and Él for He, you need to determine each word. Abajo means down. El tobogán means the slide. Arriba de means up and las escaleras means the stairs. The translation of the two sentences should read as: She slid down the slide. He climbed up the stairs.
10.
La calle es hormigón. Las casas son estuco.
The street is long. The houses are together.
The street is crooked. The houses are stucco.
The street is concrete. The houses are stucco.
The street is closed. The houses are burning.
Each answer has correctly translated La calle es as The street is in the first sentence and Las casas son as The houses are in the second sentence. The word hormigón means concrete and the word estuco means stucco. Only the third answer shows the correct translation of both of the given sentences.
Author:  Christine G. Broome

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