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Fruit - Fruits 1
Which is your favourite fruit?

Fruit - Fruits 1

Our first quiz on the subject of fruit and fruit growing in the British Isles. Do you know what a quince is or does? Can you grow apricots in the UK and how do you grow raspberries? See how much you know.

To see a larger image, click on the picture.
1.
This blossom is from which type of fruit tree?
Photograph courtesy of Elf - Blossom
Apple
Peach
Pear
Plum
  • The plant genus is Pyrus.
  • Some species are hard and inedible whilst others are extremely sweet.
  • Used by humans as a food since prehistoric times.
  • The Romans did not eat them raw, preferring instead to stew them.
  • The Sheriffs of London are reported to have given these fruits as a gift to Henry III.
  • The most widely grown variety in British gardens is Conference.
2.
To which genus do apples belong?
Photograph courtesy of www.flickr.com/photos/amiefedora/
Malus
Prunus
Crataegus
Sorbus
  • One of the most widely grown fruits.
  • China produces the most - about 35% of the total world production.
  • Blossom is usually pink and white.
  • Many varieites do well in English gardens.
  • There are over 3,000 different varieties known in Britain.
  • The most popular cooking variety is Bramley seedling.
3.
What is the name of this fruit?
Photograph courtesy of www.flickr.com/photos/viclic/
Apricot
Peach
Plum
Nectarine
  • Latin Name: Prunus persica var. nucipersica
  • Cultivars of peaches and genetically almost identical.
  • Unlike peaches they have smooth skin and are sometimes referred to as shaved peaches!
  • Flesh can be either pink or white.
  • More often than not they are a little sweeter than peaches.
  • In the UK they need to be grown against a south facing wall to do well.
4.
What other name is sometimes given to raspberries?
Photograph courtesy of User:Fir0002
Hinderberry
Worcesterberry
Chicherberry
Gloucesterberry
  • Plant Genus: Rubus
  • This image was selected as 'Picture of the day' in English Wikipedia on June 20, 2006.
  • Raspberries require fertile, well drained soil.
  • For best results they must be irrigated whenever there is a dry spell prior to and during the fruiting season.
  • Normally planted in rows and trained by the use of posts with wire stretched between.
5.
What is the name of a dried plum?
Photograph courtesy of Fir0002/Flagstaffotos
Currant
Prune
Raisin
Sultana
  • Latin Genus: Prunus
  • Mature fruits often look as if they are covered in powder - this is known as 'wax bloom'.
  • Popular varieties are Czar, Dennistons Superb, Early Laxton, Marjorie's Seedling and Victoria.
  • Varieties differ widely in their sweetness, ranging from barely edible to heavenly! The skin can be particularly sour.
  • Well known as a laxative.
6.
Which of the names below is a variety of apricot?
Photograph courtesy of User:Fir0002
Tomcot
Timcot
Tumcot
Tamcot
  • A member of the large genus of sweet-fruited plants called Prunus.
  • Usually the trees are small but they can grow up to 12 metres.
  • New varieties and warmer summers mean that apricots can now be grown further north.
  • They need the warmest part of the garden (ideally against a south facing wall) in order to do really well.
7.
What type of melon is this?
Photograph courtesy of United States Department of Agriculture
Watermelon
Honeydew
Casaba
Cantaloupe
  • Latin Name: Cucumis Melo.
  • Rated by many as the sweetest of all melons.
  • To enjoy it at its best it needs to stay on the vine until it is fully ripe.
  • An ideal plant if you are lucky enough to have a large greenhouse.
  • Perfectly ripe melons have a distinctive fragrance and you can hear the seeds rattle if the fruit is shaken.
8.
What is the name of this fruit?
Photograph courtesy of www.geograph.org.uk/profile/8569
Blackberry
Redthorn
Raspberry
Redcurrant
  • Latin Name: Ribes rubrum.
  • A member of the gooseberry family.
  • Insignificant flowers are followed by brilliant red fruits.
  • The flavour is a little 'sharp' and therefore they need to be sprinkled with sugar if eaten raw.
  • There is an albino version that tastes just the same.
  • A 'jelly' made from the fruit (in the same way that jam is made) is often served with roast lamb.
9.
What is the name of this fruit?
Photograph courtesy of http://www.spone.net/
Pear
Avocado
Quince
Apricot
  • Latin Name: Cydonia oblonga.
  • Flowers are whitish-pink.
  • Immature fruit is green and covered with tiny white hairs.
  • Mature fruit is yellow.
  • Turkey produces 25% of the world's total production.
  • Resists winter frosts but needs a good deal of summer warmth to mature properly.
  • One of these trees is often planted in Slavonia and Croatia to mark the arrival of a baby.
You could be forgiven for thinking that it was a pear. They look similar but taste very different!
10.
This plant is often found growing in the wild - what is its common name?
Photograph courtesy of Oceandesetoiles
Alder
Selder
Elder
Kelder
  • Latin Genus: Sambucus
  • Large clusters of off-white flowers appear in the Spring and if these are not gathered to make cordial they develop into small, black berries.
  • The berries can be made into a syrup.
  • The Fanta company make and sell a drink called 'Shokata' from the berries.
  • An important food plant for several species of butterflies and birds.
Author:  Colin King

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