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Fruit - Fruits 1
Which is your favourite fruit?

Fruit - Fruits 1

Our first quiz on the subject of fruit and fruit growing in the British Isles. Do you know what a quince is or does? Can you grow apricots in the UK and how do you grow raspberries? See how much you know.

To see a larger image, click on the picture.
1.
What is the name of this fruit?
Photograph courtesy of http://www.spone.net/
Pear
Avocado
Quince
Apricot
  • Latin Name: Cydonia oblonga.
  • Flowers are whitish-pink.
  • Immature fruit is green and covered with tiny white hairs.
  • Mature fruit is yellow.
  • Turkey produces 25% of the world's total production.
  • Resists winter frosts but needs a good deal of summer warmth to mature properly.
  • One of these trees is often planted in Slavonia and Croatia to mark the arrival of a baby.
You could be forgiven for thinking that it was a pear. They look similar but taste very different!
2.
What is the name of this fruit?
Photograph courtesy of www.geograph.org.uk/profile/8569
Blackberry
Redthorn
Raspberry
Redcurrant
  • Latin Name: Ribes rubrum.
  • A member of the gooseberry family.
  • Insignificant flowers are followed by brilliant red fruits.
  • The flavour is a little 'sharp' and therefore they need to be sprinkled with sugar if eaten raw.
  • There is an albino version that tastes just the same.
  • A 'jelly' made from the fruit (in the same way that jam is made) is often served with roast lamb.
3.
What type of melon is this?
Photograph courtesy of United States Department of Agriculture
Watermelon
Honeydew
Casaba
Cantaloupe
  • Latin Name: Cucumis Melo.
  • Rated by many as the sweetest of all melons.
  • To enjoy it at its best it needs to stay on the vine until it is fully ripe.
  • An ideal plant if you are lucky enough to have a large greenhouse.
  • Perfectly ripe melons have a distinctive fragrance and you can hear the seeds rattle if the fruit is shaken.
4.
This blossom is from which type of fruit tree?
Photograph courtesy of Elf - Blossom
Apple
Peach
Pear
Plum
  • The plant genus is Pyrus.
  • Some species are hard and inedible whilst others are extremely sweet.
  • Used by humans as a food since prehistoric times.
  • The Romans did not eat them raw, preferring instead to stew them.
  • The Sheriffs of London are reported to have given these fruits as a gift to Henry III.
  • The most widely grown variety in British gardens is Conference.
5.
What is the name of this fruit?
Photograph courtesy of www.flickr.com/photos/viclic/
Apricot
Peach
Plum
Nectarine
  • Latin Name: Prunus persica var. nucipersica
  • Cultivars of peaches and genetically almost identical.
  • Unlike peaches they have smooth skin and are sometimes referred to as shaved peaches!
  • Flesh can be either pink or white.
  • More often than not they are a little sweeter than peaches.
  • In the UK they need to be grown against a south facing wall to do well.
6.
Which of the names below is a variety of apricot?
Photograph courtesy of User:Fir0002
Tomcot
Timcot
Tumcot
Tamcot
  • A member of the large genus of sweet-fruited plants called Prunus.
  • Usually the trees are small but they can grow up to 12 metres.
  • New varieties and warmer summers mean that apricots can now be grown further north.
  • They need the warmest part of the garden (ideally against a south facing wall) in order to do really well.
7.
What is the name of a dried plum?
Photograph courtesy of Fir0002/Flagstaffotos
Currant
Prune
Raisin
Sultana
  • Latin Genus: Prunus
  • Mature fruits often look as if they are covered in powder - this is known as 'wax bloom'.
  • Popular varieties are Czar, Dennistons Superb, Early Laxton, Marjorie's Seedling and Victoria.
  • Varieties differ widely in their sweetness, ranging from barely edible to heavenly! The skin can be particularly sour.
  • Well known as a laxative.
8.
What other name is sometimes given to raspberries?
Photograph courtesy of User:Fir0002
Hinderberry
Worcesterberry
Chicherberry
Gloucesterberry
  • Plant Genus: Rubus
  • This image was selected as 'Picture of the day' in English Wikipedia on June 20, 2006.
  • Raspberries require fertile, well drained soil.
  • For best results they must be irrigated whenever there is a dry spell prior to and during the fruiting season.
  • Normally planted in rows and trained by the use of posts with wire stretched between.
9.
To which genus do apples belong?
Photograph courtesy of www.flickr.com/photos/amiefedora/
Malus
Prunus
Crataegus
Sorbus
  • One of the most widely grown fruits.
  • China produces the most - about 35% of the total world production.
  • Blossom is usually pink and white.
  • Many varieites do well in English gardens.
  • There are over 3,000 different varieties known in Britain.
  • The most popular cooking variety is Bramley seedling.
10.
This plant is often found growing in the wild - what is its common name?
Photograph courtesy of Oceandesetoiles
Alder
Selder
Elder
Kelder
  • Latin Genus: Sambucus
  • Large clusters of off-white flowers appear in the Spring and if these are not gathered to make cordial they develop into small, black berries.
  • The berries can be made into a syrup.
  • The Fanta company make and sell a drink called 'Shokata' from the berries.
  • An important food plant for several species of butterflies and birds.
Author:  Colin King

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