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Islam and Terrorism

Islam prescribes universal brotherhood.

Islam and Terrorism

Islam, a religion of mercy, does not permit terrorism. Allah, the Exalted says in the Quran: “Allah does not forbid you from showing kindness and dealing justly with those who have not fought you about religion and have not driven you out of your homes. Allah loves just dealers. (Quran, 60:8).

"Jihad" means struggling or striving. Jihad primarily refers to the inner struggle of being a person of virtue and submission to God in all aspects of life. Jihad is not holy war as it is popularly propagated in the media. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said that the greatest jihad is to struggle with the insidious suggestions of one’s own soul.

1.
Is killing regarded as a sin in Islam?
Killing is a very minor sin
Killing (murder) is regarded as the second major sin
Killing just one person is not a sin
Killing is not considered as a sin
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) listed murder as the second of the major sins, and he even warned that on the Day of Judgment, “The first cases to be adjudicated between people on the Day of Judgment will be those of bloodshed”. (Saheeh Muslim, Hadith No: 1678, and Saheeh Al-Bukhari, Hadith No: 6533)
2.
What is the meaning of Jihad?
Jihad means killing people
Jihad in Islam means “striving or struggling” in the way of Allah
Jihad means destruction
None of the above
"Jihad" means struggling or striving and applies to any effort exerted by anyone. In this sense, a student struggles and strives to get an education and pass courses. In work; an employee strives to fulfil his/her job and maintain good relations with his/her employer; a politician strives to maintain or increase his popularity with his constituents and so on.

Jihad in Islam is striving in the way of Allah by pen, tongue, hand, media and, if inevitable, with arms. However, jihad in Islam does not include striving for individual or national power, dominance, glory, wealth, prestige or pride. Jihad is not holy war as it is popularly propagated in the media, the Arabic words for "war" are "Harb" or "Qital," which are found in the Quran and Hadith
3.
In what circumstances is fighting permitted in Islam?
Islam permits the fighting in self-defence, or retribution against tyranny, exploitation and oppression
Fighting is permitted in all circumstances
Fighting is permitted only for the Arabs
Fighting is not permitted in Islam
Islam, like many other religions, allows for armed self-defence, or retribution against tyranny, exploitation and oppression. Allah, the Exalted mentions in the Quran: "Fight in the cause of God against those who fight you, but do not begin aggression, for God loves not aggressors." (Quran 2:190)

“And why should ye not fight in the cause of God and of those who, being weak, are ill-treated (and oppressed)? Men, women, and children, whose cry is: “Our Lord! Rescue us from this town, whose people are oppressors; and raise for us from thee one who will protect; and raise for us from thee one who will help!” (Qur’an 4:75)

"If they seek peace, then seek you peace and trust in God for He is the Hearer, the Knower." (Quran 8:61) "and let not the hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just: that is next to piety; and fear Allah, for Allah is well-acquainted with all that you do." ( Quran 5:8)
4.
What does Islam say about saving one person’s life?
Saving one person’s life (whether Muslim or Non-Muslim) is equivalent to saving the entire humanity
Saving a person’s life does not have any significance
Saving a person’s life is prohibited
None of the above
“…if any one slew a person - unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land - it would be as if he slew the whole people: and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people.” (Quran 5:32), Quran goes to the extent of saying that killing one person is equivalent to killing the entire Humanity and saving one is as though one has saved the entire humanity
5.
What does Allah mention in the Quran about the enemy who seek peace during a war situation?
There should be no peace in war situation
If the enemy seek peace, then Muslims also should seek peace, and the responsibility of their safety is on the Muslims
Kill the enemy even if they seek peace
None of the above
6.
What did the Prophet term as the greatest Jihad?
The greatest Jihad is to lie to others
The greatest Jihad is to suppress the weak
The greatest jihad is to struggle with the insidious suggestions of one’s own soul
There is no greatest Jihad
The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said that the greatest jihad is to struggle with the insidious suggestions of one’s own soul. Thus jihad primarily refers to the inner struggle of being a person of virtue and submission to God in all aspects of life.

"Ayshah, wife of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) asked, 'O Messenger of Allah, we see Jihad as the best of deeds, so shouldn't we join it?' He replied, 'But the best of Jihad is a perfect Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah).'" [Sahih Al-Bukhari #2784]

On another occasion, a man asked the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him): "'Should I join the war and do Jihad?' He asked, 'Do you have parents?' The man said, 'Yes!' The Prophet (PBUH) said, 'Then strive by serving them!'" [Sahih Al-Bukhari #5972]

Yet another man asked the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him): "'What kind of jihad is better?' He replied, 'A word of truth in front of an oppressive ruler!'" [Sunan Al-Nasa'i #4209]
7.
Does Islam permit killing of elderly people, women and children during a war?
No, even during a war situation it is prohibited to kill or even cause any harm to the non-combatants, such as the elderly, women and children. Islam also prohibits cutting down trees and crops, and killing of animals in the enemy nation
During a war situation it is permitted to kill everyone from the enemy side
Only elderly and women can be killed, children should not be harmed
None of the above
Even in a state of war, Islam enjoins that one deals with the enemy nobly on the battlefield. Islam has drawn a clear line of distinction between the combatants and the non-combatants of the enemy country. As far as the non-combatant population is concerned such as women, children, the old and the infirm, etc., the instructions of the Prophet are as follows: “Do not kill any old person, any child or any woman”, “Do not kill the monks in monasteries” or “Do not kill the people who are sitting in places of worship. Even property and animals are safeguarded, Prophet said do not destroy the crops and trees, do not slaughter their animals but for food.” Non-combatants are guaranteed security of life even if their state is at war with an Islamic state
8.
How do the values of Quran hold Muslims responsible for treating all people?
A Muslim is not responsible for any treatment towards others
A Muslim is responsible for treating Muslims alone with kindness
A Muslim is responsible for treating only the Non-Muslims with kindness
A Muslim is responsible for treating all people, whether Muslim or non-Muslim, kindly and justly, protecting the needy and the innocent and "preventing the dissemination of mischief"
The values of the Quran hold a Muslim responsible for treating all people, whether Muslim or non-Muslim, kindly and justly, protecting the needy and the innocent and "preventing the dissemination of mischief". Mischief comprises all forms of anarchy and terror that remove security, comfort and peace. As God says in a verse, "Allah does not love corruption". (Quran, 2:205)
9.
What does Islam say about killing of people and other living beings?
Children can be killed
Adults can kill older people
The strong can kill the weak in society
Killing one person (whether Muslim or Non-Muslim) is equivalent to killing the entire humanity
Islam considers all life forms as sacred. More so, the sanctity of human life is accorded a special place. The first and the foremost basic right of a human being is the right to live.

“…take not life, which Allah hath made sacred, except by way of justice and law: thus doth He command you, that ye may learn wisdom.” (Quran 6:151)

“…if any one slew a person - unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land - it would be as if he slew the whole people: and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people.” (Quran 5:32), Quran goes to the extent of saying that killing one person is equivalent to killing the entire Humanity and saving one is as though one has saved the entire humanity
10.
What does Islam prescribe about brotherhood?
Islam prescribes universal brotherhood
Islam prescribes nation based brotherhood
Islam prescribes war and force
There is no brotherhood mentioned in Islam
Islam prescribes universal brotherhood. It rejects the thought that human beings have been created in castes or different levels. Allah, the Exalted describes the Islamic concept of universal brotherhood: ‘O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know each other (not that you may despise each other). Verily the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And God has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things). (Quran 49:13)

 

Author:  Mohammed Azmath

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