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Luke
When Jesus was crucified a notice was put above His head.

Luke

The Book of Luke is addressed to Theophilus.

The third of the Gospels is that of Luke. Luke was a companion of Saint Paul and he also wrote the Book of Acts. Both books are addressed to a man named Theophilus. We do not know who Theophilus was; the name means "lover of God" so it may be a title rather than a name. Theophilus may also have been a Roman official as he is referred to as "most excellent", a term used elsewhere to describe Roman officials.

Luke was a Greek from the city of Antioch in Syria, and he is the only Gentile author found in the New Testament. His Gospel is intended to strengthen the faith of Gentile Christians; especially Greeks. He also wants unbelieving Greeks to hear about Jesus and come to believe in Him.

All quotations from the Bible are taken from the Authorised King James Version.
1.
Luke tells us the only event we know from Jesus' childhood after his birth. Jesus' family visited Jerusalem when He was 12 years old, but on the way home they discovered He was missing. Where did they eventually find Him?
On the outskirts of the city, healing lepers
Preaching to a crowd in the town square
At home, waiting for them
At the temple, talking with the teachers
Despite His lack of years Jesus amazed everyone with His knowledge.

Luke 2:41-49
"Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the passover. And when he was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast. And when they had fulfilled the days, as they returned, the child Jesus tarried behind in Jerusalem; and Joseph and his mother knew not of it. But they, supposing him to have been in the company, went a day’s journey; and they sought him among their kinsfolk and acquaintance. And when they found him not, they turned back again to Jerusalem, seeking him. And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions. And all that heard him were astonished at his understanding and answers. And when they saw him, they were amazed: and his mother said unto him, Son, why hast thou thus dealt with us? behold, thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing. And he said unto them, How is it that ye sought me? wist ye not that I must be about my Father’s business?"
2.
Luke tells us that Zacharias, the father of John the Baptist, was visited by the angel Gabriel who told him about his as yet unborn son. Zacharias did not believe Gabriel, and so the angel did what to him?
Gabriel made Zacharias unable to speak until after John was born
Gabriel made Zacharias unable to walk until after John was born
Gabriel made Zacharias unable to see until after John was born
Gabriel made Zacharias unable to hear until after John was born
Zacharias' wife, Elisabeth, was old and unlikely to have any children, so he did not believe Gabriel.

Luke 1:18-20
"And Zacharias said unto the angel, Whereby shall I know this? for I am an old man, and my wife well stricken in years. And the angel answering said unto him, I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God; and am sent to speak unto thee, and to shew thee these glad tidings. And, behold, thou shalt be dumb, and not able to speak, until the day that these things shall be performed, because thou believest not my words, which shall be fulfilled in their season"
3.
When Jesus, the Messiah, was born, a host of angels appeared before who, to announce His coming?
Before three tax collectors
Before three shepherds
Before three priests
Before three wise men
Luke 2:8-15
"And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night. And, lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore afraid. And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord. And this shall be a sign unto you; Ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger. And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying, Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.
And it came to pass, as the angels were gone away from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to another, Let us now go even unto Bethlehem, and see this thing which is come to pass, which the Lord hath made known unto us."

That such an amazing event as Jesus' birth was announced first to shepherds shows us that Jesus had come, not only for the high and mighty, but primarily for the lowly and humble; even those as low down the social scale as shepherds
4.
When the resurrected Jesus appeared before His disciples they thought He was a ghost. To prove to them that he was not a ghost, but flesh and blood, Jesus showed them His wounds and did what else?
He breathed on them
He touched their faces
He had them feel His pulse
He ate some food
After convincing His disciples that He was alive, Jesus explained to them how, in the Old Testament, His death and resurrection had been prophesied.

Luke 24:36-46
"And as they thus spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you. But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they had seen a spirit. And he said unto them, Why are ye troubled? and why do thoughts arise in your hearts? Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have. And when he had thus spoken, he shewed them his hands and his feet. And while they yet believed not for joy, and wondered, he said unto them, Have ye here any meat? And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, and of an honeycomb. And he took it, and did eat before them. And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me. Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures, and said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day"
5.
After He began His ministry Jesus was criticised by the Pharisees for consorting with sinners. Jesus explained that he had come specifically to help sinners by comparing God's relationship with sinners to that between which two people?
A creditor and his debtors
Caesar and his slaves
A king and his subjects
Abraham and his sons
Those who owe God more - that is those who have sinned more - are more in need of God's mercy than those who seldom sin.

Luke 7:39-43
"Now when the Pharisee which had bidden him saw it, he spake within himself, saying, This man, if he were a prophet, would have known who and what manner of woman this is that toucheth him: for she is a sinner. And Jesus answering said unto him, Simon, I have somewhat to say unto thee. And he saith, Master, say on. There was a certain creditor which had two debtors: the one owed five hundred pence, and the other fifty. And when they had nothing to pay, he frankly forgave them both. Tell me therefore, which of them will love him most? Simon answered and said, I suppose that he, to whom he forgave most. And he said unto him, Thou hast rightly judged"
6.
When Jesus was crucified a notice was put above His head. What was written on the notice?
THIS IS A CRIMINAL
THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS
THIS IS A REBEL
THIS IS A BLASPHEMER
Jesus was mocked by his executioners. They placed a crown made from thorns roughly on His head, offered Him vinegar to drink and cast lots for His clothes.

Luke 23:34-46
"Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots. And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them derided him, saying, He saved others; let him save himself, if he be Christ, the chosen of God. And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar, and saying, If thou be the king of the Jews, save thyself. And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.
And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us. But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation? And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss. And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom. And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.
And it was about the sixth hour, and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour. And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst. And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost"
7.
Elisabeth's cousin, Mary, was also visited by Gabriel who told her that she was going to give birth to Jesus, the son of God. Mary went to visit Elisabeth to tell her the good news. What happened to Elisabeth when she heard Mary's voice?
She began to speak in strange tongues
She saw crowds of angels around Mary
Her unborn baby jumped inside her
She fainted and fell to the floor
The Holy Spirit entered into Elisabeth in the presence of Mary, the mother of God's son.

Luke 1:39-45
"And Mary arose in those days, and went into the hill country with haste, into a city of Juda; and entered into the house of Zacharias, and saluted Elisabeth. And it came to pass, that, when Elisabeth heard the salutation of Mary, the babe leaped in her womb; and Elisabeth was filled with the Holy Ghost: and she spake out with a loud voice, and said, Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb. And whence is this to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? For, lo, as soon as the voice of thy salutation sounded in mine ears, the babe leaped in my womb for joy. And blessed is she that believed: for there shall be a performance of those things which were told her from the Lord"
8.
The disciples witnessed Jesus' ascension to Heaven after He had led them to which village?
Berea
Bethany
Bethabara
Bethsaida
Bethany was on the slopes of the Mount of Olives and was the site of Jesus' resurrection of Lazarus.

Luke 24:50-53
"And he led them out as far as to Bethany, and he lifted up his hands, and blessed them. And it came to pass, while he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven. And they worshipped him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy: and were continually in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen"
9.
To illustrate God's joy when a sinner turns to Him, Jesus told the parable of the prodigal son. What animal did the father in the story kill to celebrate his wayward son's return home?
His fattest bull
His fattest goat
His fattest ram
His fattest calf
The man's loyal son was angered because his father seemed to treat his wicked son better than him. But the story shows us how much God loves it when sinners turn back to Him.

Luke 15:25-32
"Now his elder son was in the field: and as he came and drew nigh to the house, he heard musick and dancing. And he called one of the servants, and asked what these things meant. And he said unto him, Thy brother is come; and thy father hath killed the fatted calf, because he hath received him safe and sound. And he was angry, and would not go in: therefore came his father out, and intreated him. And he answering said to his father, Lo, these many years do I serve thee, neither transgressed I at any time thy commandment: and yet thou never gavest me a kid, that I might make merry with my friends: but as soon as this thy son was come, which hath devoured thy living with harlots, thou hast killed for him the fatted calf. And he said unto him, Son, thou art ever with me, and all that I have is thine. It was meet that we should make merry, and be glad: for this thy brother was dead, and is alive again; and was lost, and is found"
10.
To illustrate that we should love everybody, even our enemies, Jesus told the parable of the good Samaritan. A Jew was attacked and left for dead by the side of the road, but he was saved by a Samaritan, the traditional enemies of the Jews. Before the Samaritan arrived, two men had walked past the injured man. Who were they?
A Pharisee and a Sadducee
A priest and a Pharisee
A priest and a Levite
A Sadducee and a Levite
Levites and priests were both supposedly men of God, yet neither had helped the injured man.

Luke 10:29-37
"But he, willing to justify himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbour? And Jesus answering said, A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among thieves, which stripped him of his raiment, and wounded him, and departed, leaving him half dead. And by chance there came down a certain priest that way: and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side. And likewise a Levite, when he was at the place, came and looked on him, and passed by on the other side. But a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, came where he was: and when he saw him, he had compassion on him, and went to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine, and set him on his own beast, and brought him to an inn, and took care of him. And on the morrow when he departed, he took out two pence, and gave them to the host, and said unto him, Take care of him; and whatsoever thou spendest more, when I come again, I will repay thee. Which now of these three, thinkest thou, was neighbour unto him that fell among the thieves? And he said, He that shewed mercy on him. Then said Jesus unto him, Go, and do thou likewise"

 

Author:  Graeme Haw

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