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Grade 5 Reading Information - Text Structure

This English Language quiz is called 'Text Structure' and it has been written by teachers to help you if you are studying the subject at elementary school. Playing educational quizzes is an enjoyable way to learn if you are in the 3rd, 4th or 5th grade - aged 8 to 11.

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A text is usually written in a certain text structure. These could include chronology, comparison, cause/effect and problem/solution. Certain words and phrases are used to figure out the text structure. It depends upon the content to which text structure should be used. In this quiz, students will identify and analyze the text structure of certain paragraphs about similar topics.

Story 1 - Cars and Planes

Both the car and the plane were invented in the early 1900s. However, it took less time to upgrade the car to what it is today. The same cannot be said for the commercial airplane. Planes were used in World War II in the 1940s, but people did not start regularly flying until the early 1960s. Traveling long distances could be done in both cars and planes because many people would use these types of transportation to go to their vacation spot. However, getting to an overseas location could only be done by an airplane or ship.

Story 2 - Safety Features in Cars

Cars are a wonderful invention that many people use on a daily basis. However, safety precautions had to be fashioned in or on the outside of cars due to many injuries sustained in car accidents. When people would be sent through the windshield or tossed about the car, seatbelts and then later airbags were fitted into the cars. Specialized tires and snow chains were created for those cars being driven in icy weather. In addition to that, air conditioning and heaters were installed in cars so people would not feel uncomfortable while driving or riding in cars.

Story 3 - Plane Procedures

Before a plane takes off, flight attendants give a presentation about safety procedures. This is done in order for all passengers to know what to do in case of an emergency while onboard the aircraft. Also, the airline wants the passengers on an airplane to feel comfortable, so they offer beverages and sometimes snacks or meals on flights. On longer flights, airlines offer movies and games to play on the screen on the back of the seat in front of passengers. This helps them pass the time during a flight that may last hours and hours.

Story 4 - History of Transportation after 1900

Even though the invention of the transcontinental railroad seemed to be a perfect solution to travelers crossing from the East to the West in the United States, people wanted to move faster. At first, in the early 1900s, Henry Ford invented a car to get people around town in shorter distances. This mode of transportation cut down the hours it would take to get from one town to another. About the same time Ford was perfecting the car, the Wright brothers were testing their first plane. However, flying was in its infancy stage. By the 1950s, people were buying cars and riding in airplanes. In the 1980s and 1990s, the space shuttle was invented and sent into space to explore planets, moons and comets.
1.
Read Story 1 - Cars and Planes above.
What type of text structure is being used in this paragraph?
Chronological order
Comparison/contrast
Cause/effect
Problem/solution
Both cars and planes are being compared and contrasted by showing the similarities and differences between the two
2.
Read Story 1 - Cars and Planes above.
Why does this text structure benefit the content in the text?
Because it shows the relationship between these two modes of transportation
Because it shows the order in which these two modes of transportation were invented
Because it shows the importance of each of these modes of transportation
Because it explains what happens if cars and planes are not used
Since this text is written in a comparison/contrast text structure, it shows the relationship between two topics
3.
Read Story 2 - Safety Features in Cars above.
What type of text structure is being used in this paragraph?
Chronological Order
Comparison/Contrast
Cause/Effect
Problem/Solution
The problem in this text is that cars have become unsafe
4.
Read Story 2 - Safety Features in Cars above.
How would this text be different if it was written in chronological order?
It would describe different safety features that were added to cars, but the reader might not know that these features would help people
It would still reveal the safety features in the order in which they were invented, but it might not explain how this solved a problem
It would explain the safety features in order of importance, but it would not describe how problematic these features can be
It would state a few safety features in cars, but it would not detail all of them from this text
Since chronological order would be the order of events in date order, the text would not reveal the problem or how these safety features are solutions to the problem
5.
Read Story 3 - Plane Procedures above.
What type of text structure is being used in this paragraph?
Chronological Order
Comparison/Contrast
Cause/Effect
Problem/Solution
There are three things that are identified that can occur on a plane and the events that happen as a result of them
6.
Read Story 3 - Plane Procedures above.
What words help identify the type of text structure this paragraph was written in?
in case of an emergency
Also, On longer flights
This helps, This is done
in order, so
These transition words reveal cause and effect
7.
Read Story 4 - History of Transportation After 1900 above.
What type of text structure is being used in this paragraph?
Chronological Order
Comparison/Contrast
Cause/Effect
Problem/Solution
This is written in chronological order because each event is in time order
8.
Read Story 4 - History of Transportation After 1900 above.
What is usually found in this type of text structure?
Dates
Explanations
Similarities
Differences
Years or dates are usually found in texts that are in chronological order
9.
A student writes about whether to buy an SUV or a sedan. Why would the student write the essay using a comparison/contrast text structure?
Because he would want to show the importance of each vehicle
Because he would want to explain facts about the history of each vehicle
Because he would want to show how these two vehicles are similar
Because he would want to show the benefits and drawbacks of both
A comparison/contrast essay might show benefits and drawbacks of two things
10.
A student writes an essay in detail about his encounter with a great white shark while surfing. Which text structure would he use?
Chronological order
Comparison/contrast
Cause/effect
Problem/solution
When telling a story, it would be helpful to write it in the order in which the events occurred
Author:  Amy Flanders

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