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Grammar - Conventions of Standard English - Capitalization

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Grammar - Conventions of Standard English - Capitalization

This English Language quiz is called 'Grammar - Conventions of Standard English - Capitalization' and it has been written by teachers to help you if you are studying the subject at middle school. Playing educational quizzes is a fabulous way to learn if you are in the 6th, 7th or 8th grade - aged 11 to 14.

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In written language we have two forms of each letter, i.e., upper case and lower case. The upper case is also known as Capitalization.

When writing words down, there are certain rules that must be applied to know when to use Capitalization and when not to.

The following is a list of Capitalization rules:

1.The first letter of every sentence must be capitalized.
2. Proper names of persons, places, things, days, and months (such as United States).
3. Titles of distinction (such as Your Honor which refers to a court Judge).
4. The letters “I” and “O” when used by themselves.
5. Words of nationality (such as Spanish, Italian, Greek).
6. The first words and last words of titles of publications (such as The Day of the Jackal).
7. Points of a compass (such as East, West, North, South, Southeast, etc.) when they refer to a specific region rather than a direct such as - “He drove east.” (No capitalization.) “He drove to the East coast.” (A region so it is capitalized.)

1.
Find the word that should be capitalized.
jamie was pushing his feet under the rug.
feet
jamie
pushing
rug
'Pushing' is a verb and it is not the first word in a sentence so this word does not need to be capitalized. The words 'feet' and 'rug' are common nouns contained in the sentence and do not need to be capitalized. The word 'jamie' is the first word of a sentence, as well as a proper name. It must be capitalized. Therefore, 'jamie' should be written as 'Jamie'.
2.
Find the word that should be capitalized.
We couldn’t decide if we wanted italian, mexican or American food.
italian
food
mexican
italian and mexican
The word 'food' is a common noun and in its position in this sentence it does not need to be capitalized. The words 'italian' and 'mexican' are both words of nationality and need to be capitalized. Therefore, both of these words should have been written as 'Italian' and 'Mexican'.
3.
Find the word that should be capitalized.
When we visited Paris we went to the eiffel tower.
eiffel tower
we
Paris
When
'When' is the word that begins the sentence and is capitalized, therefore it is correct already. 'Paris' is the proper name of a place. It too is already capitalized and is correct. 'We' is a pronoun used with the structure of the sentence and at its location does not need to be capitalized. That leaves us with 'eiffel tower'. This is a very well known tourist attraction in Paris and it is a proper name of a place. As such, it should have been written as 'Eiffel Tower'.
4.
Find the word that should be capitalized.
Jackson found himself driving westward towards the west coast.
himself
westward
driving
west coast
The word 'himself' is a pronoun and in its location in this sentence does not need to be capitalized. The word 'driving' is a present tense verb and it, too, does not need to be capitalized. The word 'westward' describes a direction so it does not need to be capitalized. The words 'west coast' describe a region and, therefore, should be capitalized in this case. They should have been written as 'West Coast'.
5.
Find the word that should be capitalized.
miley cyrus has been making some very questionable choices of late.
choices
late
miley cyrus
making
The word 'making' is a present tense verb and at its placement in this sentence does not need to be capitalized. The word 'late' modifies the word 'choices' and neither word needs to be capitalized. That leaves 'miley cyrus' who is a well known entertainer. It is her proper name and always needs to be capitalized. It should have been written as 'Miley Cyrus'.
6.
Find the word that should be capitalized.
She graduated from wellsley high school last week!
graduated
week
wellsley high school
last
The word 'graduated' is a past tense verb and not the first word in a sentence so it should not be capitalized. The word 'week' is a common noun and as used in this sentence does not need to be capitalized. The word 'last' is an adverb and modifies the verb 'graduated'. It does not need to be capitalized. Finally, 'wellsley high school' is the proper name of a place. It should have been written as 'Wellsley High School'.
7.
Find the word that should be capitalized.
I asked my sister if she ever read gone with the wind?
my
gone with the wind
sister
read
The word 'my' is a pronoun and, at its position in this sentence, does not need to be capitalized. The word 'sister' is a common noun and, at its position in this sentence, it does not need to be capitalized. The word 'read' is a past tense verb and as it is used here does not need to be capitalized. The book 'gone with the wind' is a piece of publication and needs to be capitalized. It should have been written as 'Gone With the Wind'. (NOTE: 'Gone with the Wind' is also an acceptable way to write out this book title.)
8.
Find the word that should be capitalized.
We had first row seats at the olympic opening ceremony.
row
olympic
seats
ceremony
The word 'row' is defining the location of the seats. It does not need to be capitalized. The words 'seats' and 'ceremony' are common nouns and in their placements in this sentence, they do not need to be capitalized. The word 'olympics' is a proper name and must always be capitalized when written. It should have been written as 'Olympics'.
9.
Find the word that should be capitalized.
Paul went to see dr. thomas at his medical office.
medical
Paul
office
dr. thomas
'Paul' is a proper name and is the first word of the sentence. As it is already capitalized, it is written correctly. The words 'medical' and 'office' are common words and do not need to be capitalized in their placement order in this sentence. That leaves 'dr. thomas' which is a proper name. It should be written as 'Dr. Thomas'.
10.
Find the word that should be capitalized.
George washington was our first U.S. president.
washington
first
president
our
The word 'first' is an adjective as it tells us something about George. In its placement in this sentence it does not need to be capitalized. The word 'president' is a common noun in this context. It, too, does not need to be capitalized. The word 'our' is a plural pronoun and in its placement in the sentence, does not need to be capitalized. The word 'washington' is the proper last name of George. Therefore, it must be capitalized and should have been written as 'Washington'.
Author:  Christine G. Broome

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