Knowledge of Language - Types of Sentences
Birds flying south.

Knowledge of Language - Types of Sentences

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There are four basic, common types of sentences. These include: declarative, imperative, interrogative and exclamatory.

A declarative sentence makes a statement and ends with a period (.).

Example: Carol Ann went to the library.

Imperative sentences give directions/instructions or demands and also end with a period (.)

Example: Make sure to read Chapter 7 tonight for your homework assignment.

Interrogative sentences ask a question and end with a question mark (?).

Example: Where did you buy your shoes?

Exclamatory sentences are sentences that express strong emotions and excitement. They end with an exclamation point (!).

Example: Getting to meet the President was amazing!

1.
Determine the type of sentence and which mark should be used.
My chore this week is to fold the laundry__
declarative (.)
imperative (.)
interrogative (?)
exclamatory (!)
This sentence is making a simple statement about what my chore is. It is not asking a question. It is not giving us instruction. It is not expressing a strong emotion. It is, therefore, a simple declarative statement. The correct answer is Answer (a).
2.
Determine the type of sentence and which mark should be used.
I love you more than anything in the world__
declarative (.)
imperative (.)
interrogative (?)
exclamatory (!)
The message being given in this sentence is one that shows emotion or excitement. It is conveying how much you are loved. When expressing an emotion you need to use an exclamation point at the end of the sentence to show that emotion. That makes this sentence an exclamatory sentence so Answer (d) is the correct answer.
3.
Determine the type of sentence and which mark should be used.
Go check on your brother to see what he is doing__
declarative (.)
imperative (.)
interrogative (?)
exclamatory (!)
The word “go” is a verb and when used as the first word in a sentence it alerts you that a direction or command is being given. As imperative sentences give instructions or demands, we can easily determine that the correct answer to this question is Answer (b).
4.
Determine the type of sentence and which mark should be used.
Why do some birds fly south in the winter__
declarative (.)
imperative (.)
interrogative (?)
exclamatory (!)
When the word “why” is used as the first word in a sentence it alerts you that a question is going to be asked. Other words that will alert you that a question is being asked include “what”, “where”, “when”, “who”, “how”, “do” and “did” when they appear as the first word in a sentence. This sentence begins with “Why” so that lets us quickly know that this sentence is an interrogative sentence. Answer (c) is the correct answer.
5.
Determine the type of sentence and which mark should be used.
How many steps are in the Washington Monument__
declarative (.)
imperative (.)
interrogative (?)
exclamatory (!)
When the word “how” is used as the first word in a sentence it alerts you that a question is going to be asked. Other words that will alert you that a question is being asked include “what”, “where”, “when”, “who”, “why”, “do” and “did” when they appear as the first word in a sentence. This sentence begins with “How” so that lets us know that this sentence is an interrogative sentence. Answer (c) is the correct answer.
6.
Determine the type of sentence and which mark should be used.
Look at how tall that building is__
declarative (.)
imperative (.)
interrogative (?)
exclamatory (!)
The message being given in this sentence is one that shows emotion or excitement over the height of a building. When expressing an emotion we need to use an exclamation point at the end of the sentence to show that emotion. That makes this sentence an exclamatory sentence so Answer (d) is the correct answer.
7.
Determine the type of sentence and which mark should be used.
Don’t walk on the broken glass__
declarative (.)
imperative (.)
interrogative (?)
exclamatory (!)
The word “Don’t” is the past tense of the verb to do and when used as the first word in a sentence it alerts you that a direction or command is being given. When giving directions or a command, you need to use an imperative sentence. Therefore, the correct answer here is Answer (b).
8.
Determine the type of sentence and which mark should be used.
Leave the dog alone__
declarative (.)
imperative (.)
interrogative (?)
exclamatory (!)
The word “leave” is a verb and when used as the first word in a sentence it alerts you that a direction or command is being given. Imperative sentences give instructions or demands and in this sentence we are being instructed to “leave” the dog alone. Therefore, the correct Answer is (b).
9.
Determine the type of sentence and which mark should be used.
Candice would like to be an actress when she grows up__
declarative (.)
imperative (.)
interrogative (?)
exclamatory (!)
This sentence is making a simple statement about Candice. It is not asking a question. It is not giving us instruction. It is not expressing a strong emotion. It is, therefore, a simple declarative statement. The correct answer is Answer (a).
10.
Determine the type of sentence and which mark should be used.
Did you remember to change the battery in the smoke detector__
declarative (.)
imperative (.)
interrogative (?)
exclamatory (!)
When the word “did” is used as the first word in a sentence it alerts you that a question is going to be asked. Similarly, when you see the words “what”, “where”, “when”, “who”, “why”, “how” and “do” as the first word in a sentence, they too alert you that a question is being asked. This sentence begins with “Did” and, therefore, we know it is an interrogative sentence. Answer (c) is the correct answer.
Author:  Christine G. Broome

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