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A root word with a prefix and suffix means added letters before and/or after.
A root word is a word that can stand alone on its own. For example, let’s look at the word “export.”
The root word here is “port” as it can stand on its own as a separate word. When you remove the root word, the “ex” is left over. In this word, “ex” is a prefix.
A prefix is a group of letters that, on their own, are not a complete word. Rather, the letters come before a root word. For example, look at the letters “pre.” Alone, “pre” does not say anything. Now let’s add the root word “view” and this gives us the word “preview.”
A suffix is a group of letters that, on their own, generally are not a complete word. Rather, the letters come after a root word. For example, look at the letters “ment.” Alone, “ment” does not say anything. Now let’s add the root word “govern” before the suffix and we get “government.”
Now, if we were to take the word “exporting” the “ex” would be the prefix, “port” would be the root word and “ing” would be the suffix.