Verbs - Linking, Action, Transitive and Intransitive
My dog is content to be in the back seat.

Verbs - Linking, Action, Transitive and Intransitive

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Learn the difference between linking, action, transitive and intransitive verbs by playing this quiz.

A linking verb connects the subject in a sentence with the predicate of the sentence.

The linking verb is always derived from the root verb “to be.” An example of a linking verb would be as follows:

The cat is Siamese.

In this sentence, “cat” is the subject and “Siamese” is the predicate. “Is” is the linking verb.

An action verb tells us what the subject is doing or what kind of movement it is performing. An example of an action verb would be the following:

She slept through the entire movie.

In this sentence “she” is the subject. Looking to find what she is doing or how she is performing, we learn that she “slept” through the entire movie. The action she took was to sleep.

A transitive verb is when an object receives an action. An example of a transitive verb is as follows:

The waves lashed against the boat.

In this sentence, the “boat” is the object and the verb is “lashed”. “Lashed is the action taking place upon the boat making “lashed” a transitive verb.

An intransitive verb is found in a sentence that does not have an object. An example of an intransitive verb is as follows:

The ball bounced.

This sentence has a subject, the ball, and a verb “bounced” but no object. Because there is no object, “bounced” in this sentence is an intransitive verb.

For each sentence below, determine if the verb is a linking verb, an action verb, a transitive verb or an intransitive verb.

1.
He quit.
Linking verb
Action verb
Transitive verb
Intransitive verb
When a sentence does not have an object, the verb of that sentence is an intransitive verb. In this sentence, “He” is the subject and “quit” is the verb but there is no object. That makes the verb “quit” an intransitive verb. Answer (d) is the correct type of verb.
2.
She coughed through the entire class period.
Linking verb
Action verb
Transitive verb
Intransitive verb
When a verb tells us what the subject is doing, it is an action verb. In this sentence “She” is the subject. What did the subject do? She “coughed.” Therefore, “coughed” is an action verb making Answer (b) the correct choice.
3.
Melissa writes often.
Linking verb
Action verb
Transitive verb
Intransitive verb
When a sentence does not have an object, the verb of that sentence is an intransitive verb. In this sentence, “Melissa” is the subject, “writes” is the verb and “often” is the adverb as it describes the verb. However, there is no object. That makes the verb “writes” an intransitive verb. Answer (d) is the correct type of verb.
4.
Stephanie turned green with envy when she saw Darla with Trevor.
Linking verb
Action verb
Transitive verb
Intransitive verb
When a subject is linked to a predicate through the use of a verb, the verb is a “linking verb.” In this sentence “Stephanie” is the subject and “green with envy” is the predicate. The two are linked by the verb “turned” making it a “linking verb.” Answer (a) is correct.
5.
Grandma whipped the batter with vigor.
Linking verb
Action verb
Transitive verb
Intransitive verb
When an object receives the action of a verb, the verb is a transitive verb. In this sentence, the “batter” is the object and the batter was “whipped.” As such, the batter received the action making “whipped” a transitive verb. Answer (c) is the correct type of verb.
6.
The crowd roared with laughter at the comedian.
Linking verb
Action verb
Transitive verb
Intransitive verb
When a verb tells us what the subject is doing, it is an action verb. In this sentence the “crowd” is the subject. What did the subject do? The crowd “roared” with laughter. Therefore, “roared” is an action verb making Answer (b) the correct choice.
7.
I quickly swatted the fly so it wouldn’t get away again.
Linking verb
Action verb
Transitive verb
Intransitive verb
When an object receives the action of a verb, the verb is a transitive verb. In this sentence, the “fly” is the object and the fly was “swatted.” As such, the fly received the action making “swatted” a transitive verb. Answer (c) is the correct type of verb.
8.
Zachery was sick for the third day in a row.
Linking verb
Action verb
Transitive verb
Intransitive verb
When a subject is linked to a predicate through the use of a verb, the verb is a “linking verb.” In this sentence “Zachery” is the subject and “sick” is the predicate. The two are linked by the verb “was” making it a “linking verb.” Answer (a) is correct.
9.
The sun baked the sand.
Linking verb
Action verb
Transitive verb
Intransitive verb
When an object receives the action of a verb, the verb is a transitive verb. In this sentence, the “sand” is the object and the sand was “baked.” The sand received the action making “baked” a transitive verb. Answer (c) is the correct type of verb.
10.
My dog is content to be in the back seat.
Linking verb
Action verb
Transitive verb
Intransitive verb
When a subject is linked to a predicate through the use of a verb, the verb is a “linking verb.” In this sentence “dog” is the subject and “content” is the predicate. The two are linked by the verb “is” making it a “linking verb.” Answer (a) is correct.
Author:  Christine G. Broome

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