This Math quiz is called 'Measurements - Gallons, Quarts and Pints' and it has been written by teachers to help you if you are studying the subject at middle school. Playing educational quizzes is a fabulous way to learn if you are in the 6th, 7th or 8th grade - aged 11 to 14.
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Different objects have different ways of being measured. For this quiz, we will be measuring volume of liquids. A gallon is a unit measure of volume. For example, if we want to buy milk, we will buy the milk in volume. We then need to decide how much volume we wish to buy it in. We can buy it in a gallon, in a quart or in a pint.
A gallon can be broken down into smaller volumes of measurement that include quarts and pints.
There are 4 quarts in one gallon and there are 8 pints in one gallon. So:
4 quarts = 1 gallon
8 pints = 1 gallon
There are then 2 pints in every quart. So if there are 2 pints in every quart, how many pints are in a gallon? We simply multiply 4 quarts by 2 pints or 4 x 2 = 8. This is how we know we have 8 pints in a gallon.
If you want to know how many pints are in 4 gallons, you would simply multiply 4 (gallons) by 8 (pints) or 4 x 8 = 32 so there are 32 pints in 4 gallons.
If you want to know how many quarts are in 4 gallons, you would simply multiply 4 (gallons) by 4 quarts or 4 x 4 = 16 so there are 16 quarts in 4 gallons.
Now, if you know the number of pints you have but you need to convert that into gallons, you would then divide. For example, if you have 144 pints and there are 8 pints in a gallon, you would then divide 144 by 8 or 144 ÷ 8 = 18 so your 144 pints equals 18 gallons.
If you have 144 quarts and you need to convert to gallons, you would divide 144 quarts by 4 because there are 4 quarts in one gallon. Therefore, 144 ÷ 4 = 36 so your 144 quarts equals 36 gallons.