Earth Science - Landforms

A mountain is a landform.

Earth Science - Landforms

This Science quiz is called 'Earth Science - Landforms' and it has been written by teachers to help you if you are studying the subject at middle school. Playing educational quizzes is a fabulous way to learn if you are in the 6th, 7th or 8th grade - aged 11 to 14.

It costs only $12.50 per month to play this quiz and over 3,500 others that help you with your school work. You can subscribe on the page at Join Us

What is a landform? A landform is any natural formation of rock and dirt that is found on Earth. It can include mountains, hills, valleys, continents, sea beds and even small ponds. Landforms are studied by geologists. A geologist tries to determine how the landform was created and how different landforms interact with one another.

When studying landforms, geologists will look at specific characteristics. These characteristics include the land’s structure, its process, its slope and its drainage.

Structure: The structure of a landform includes the materials that are part of the land and how the materials are arranged in the land. As an example, a mountain can be made up of granite, sandstone, copper or other materials. Now, is that material lying horizontally, vertically or in some other configuration?

Process: The process is related to the forces that were involved in creating the landform. The processes can include weather, water, wind, pressure, moving ice, earthquakes, etc. Virtually all landforms are in a constant state of change and are constantly being impacted by a “process.”

Slope: The slope of the landform, or its steepness, helps geologists discover clues about the land’s formation and structure. In addition, the slope will influence how the landform continues to evolve.

Drainage: Although some might believe this would be part of the process, it is different because it has its own influential impact upon land. Most notably is the speed in which drainage takes place. The speed of drainage directly influences the shape and evolution of the landform in a manner different from that of the process.

TYPES OF LANDFORMS

There are many different types of landforms. Among them are:

Altitude – The altitude is the height of land that rises above the sea level.

Archipelago – The Archipelago is a group of islands.

Basin – A basin is an area of land that is enclosed by higher land (not to be confused with a valley).

Bay – A bay is a body of salt water that reaches inland and is generally a small section of a gulf.

Branch – A branch is a river or a stream that flows into a larger river or larger stream.

Canal – A canal is a man-made waterway that connects two bodies of water.

Canyon – A canyon is a narrow valley with steep sides. It is usually created through the process of erosion.

Cape – A cape is a curved piece of land that jets out into a body of water.

Channel – A channel is a narrow, yet deep, waterway connecting two larger bodies of water.

Cliff – A cliff is a high, steep slope of rocks and/or soil.

Continent – A continent is the largest body of land on Earth.

Continental Shelf– The continental shelf is a plateau of land found underwater.

Delta – A delta is land that has been built up by deposit of sand and silt at the mouth of a river.

Desert – A desert is a dry, barren region. It usually consists of some sand, has very little rainfall and rarely ever has any trees.

Divide – A divide is the highest ridge of land that separates river basins.

Forest– A forest is a large area of land that is covered with trees and underbrush.

Glacier – A glacier is a large body of slow moving ice which alters the land around it.

Highland – A highland is an area of hills, plateaus and mountains.

Island – An island is a piece of land that is completely surrounded by water.

Prairie – A prairie is a large region with tall grass.

Swamp – A swamp is an area of land that is always soaked by water.

Valley – A valley is low land between hills or mountains.

This quiz has been designed to see if you understand and, more importantly, recognize the different types of landforms that can be found on the planet. So take a look at the following questions and see if you can determine the correct landform for each one without reviewing this introduction. Take a moment or two to study the landforms and when you are ready, proceed to the quiz.

1.
Landforms are studied by ________.
geologists
archeologists
botanists
biologists
Landforms are studied by geologists. Answer (a) is correct
2.
The _______ of a landform includes the materials that are part of the land and how the materials are arranged in the land.
process
drainage
structure
slope
The structure of a landform includes the materials that are part of the land and how the materials are arranged in the land. Answer (c) is correct
3.
This is any natural formation of rock and dirt that is found on Earth.
Continent
Island
Process
Landform
A landform is any natural formation of rock and dirt that is found on Earth. Answer (d) is correct
4.
This is land that has been built up by deposit of sand and silt at the mouth of a river.
Channel
Delta
Branch
Cape
A delta is land that has been built up by deposit of sand and silt at the mouth of a river. Answer (b) is correct
5.
This is an area of hills, plateaus and mountains.
Continental shelf
Altitude
Highland
Cliff
A highland is an area of hills, plateaus and mountains. Answer (c) is correct
6.
Which of the following is NOT a landform characteristic?
Drainage
Environment
Slope
Process
Drainage, slope and process are each a landform characteristic. The environment is not one of the characteristics but can be part of the process unless the environment has been altered by man. Answer (b) is correct
7.
The _______ is a plateau of land found underwater.
continental shelf
glacier
swamp
bay
The continental shelf is a plateau of land found underwater. Answer (a) is correct
8.
This is a large region with tall grass.
Island
Divide
Valley
Prairie
A prairie is a large region with tall grass. Answer (d) is correct
9.
This is a high, steep slope of rocks and/or soil.
Canyon
Archipelago
Cliff
Altitude
A cliff is a high, steep slope of rocks and/or soil. Answer (c) is correct
10.
This is a man-made waterway that connects two bodies of water.
Delta
Canal
Cape
Bay
A canal is a man-made waterway that connects two bodies of water. Answer (b) is correct

 

Author:  Christine G. Broome

© Copyright 2016-2019 - Education Quizzes
TJS - Web Design Lincolnshire
View Printout in HTML

Valid HTML5

We use cookies to make your experience of our website better.

To comply with the new e-Privacy directive, we need to ask for your consent - I agree - No thanks - Find out more