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Ancient Sumer
Sumerian writing was called cuneiform.

Ancient Sumer

One of the topics covered by KS2 history is the Ancient Sumerians, or Ubaidians, who lived in Mesopotamia between c. 5000 BC and c. 1940 BC.

The Ancient Sumerians were Ubaidians who lived in Mesopotamia around 5,000 years ago. The Ubaidians were the first civilised society in Sumer. They drained the marshes to grow crops, developed trade, and established industries like weaving, leatherwork, metalwork, masonry and pottery. They were very successful farmers which meant that their population expanded and they were able to support specialist artists and craftsmen - something very rare in other civilisations of the time. In the 20th Century BC the Sumerians were conquered by the Amorites and their once great civilisation came to an end.

Play this quiz and find out what you know about the civilisation of the ancient Sumerians of Mesopotamia.

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1.
What was a ziggurat?
A stepped platform with a temple built on top
A house
A meeting place
A stepped platform with an amphitheatre on top
The ziggurat was usually built in the centre of the city
2.
Where did the Ancient Sumerians live?
Mesopotamia
Egypt
Greece
Mexico
Mesopotamia was in modern day Iraq
3.
What was the name of the Sumerian writing?
Hieroglyphs
Runes
Alphabet
Cuneiform
Cuneiform was first used around 3000 BC. It is one of the oldest systems of writing
4.
Who did Sumerians believe were controlling their lives?
King
Themselves
Gods
Fate
They had hundreds of gods
5.
What did the Sumerians first use to make records?
Pictograms
Hieroglyphs
Letters
Runes
These hieroglyphs evolved into writing over time
6.
What were the people who could write called?
Teachers
Clerks
Scribes
Priests
Scribes were first used for keeping records. They then went on to write down stories
7.
What type of game was found at Ur?
Ball game
Card game
Quiz game
Board game
The game is thought to be an ancestor of the modern game backgammon
8.
What was the name of the city excavated by the British archaeologist Woolley?
Babylon
Eridu
Enki
Ur
Woolley excavated the site of Ur from 1922 to1934. The city was founded in 3800 BC and abandoned 3,300 years later
9.
What were Sumerian homes built of?
Wood
Mud bricks
Wattle and daub
Stone
The houses were two or three storeys high with flat roofs
10.
What was the story that the Sumerians wrote down?
The Story of the Minotaur
The Epic of Gilgamesh
The Story of Beowulf
The Trojan War
Gilgameshwas a legendary king of Uruk in Mesopotamia, who lived sometime between 2800 and 2500 BC

 

Author:  Amanda Swift

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