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Resistant Materials 02
A chisel is used to clear away material neatly and make slots and grooves in wood.

Resistant Materials 02

This KS3 Design and Technology quiz will challenge you on resistant materials. Metal is a resistant material. This D and T quiz focuses on the tools used when cutting and trimming resistant materials. The tool you choose will depend on the material you are working with - wood, metal or plastic - and whether you want to cut a straight line or a curve.

Usually, the first tool you will use when shaping your piece of resistant material will be a saw. There are several different types, each with their own specific use. A tenon saw will produce an accurate cut but in a straight line as it is not designed to flex. This saw would only be used on wood as its teeth are only designed to be used on wood. For metals and plastics, you would use a hacksaw, which is made from a different type of steel and has much smaller, finer teeth. For cutting curves, you would use a coping saw and for particularly fine cutting of patterns in wood, a fretsaw would be the best choice.

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1.
Which kind of saw would you use for cutting wood straight?
Coping saw
Fretsaw
Hacksaw
Tenon saw
There is a reinforcing band along the top of a tenon saw that keeps the blade from bending, enabling a more accurate straight line cut than with other types of saw
2.
Which kind of saw would you use for cutting metal and plastic straight?
Coping saw
Fretsaw
Hacksaw
Tenon saw
Hacksaw blades are thin and need to be held tightly in place in the frame of the saw
3.
Which kind of saw would you use for cutting curves in wood?
Coping saw
Fretsaw
Hacksaw
Tenon saw
A small machine fretsaw will also cut curves in thin wood and metal
4.
Thin sheet metal can be difficult to cut with a saw. What else can be used?
Chisel
File
Scissors
Tinsnips
These have sharp, toughened cutting jaws with longer arms than a pair of scissors. They are best for cutting small pieces of metal off a larger sheet
5.
What is best used to clear away material neatly and make slots and grooves?
Chisel
File
Plane
Sander
Remember to use a wooden mallet to tap the chisel
6.
Whic of the following would you use a flat file for?
Detail
Inside curves
Outside curves
Sudden line changes
Files for detailed work are called needle files
7.
Most trimming is done by ....... with a file.
cross-filing
full-filing
long-filing
straight-filing
The file is moved always in the same direction
8.
Which method of filing would you use to obtain a good finish?
accurate-filing
box-filing
draw-filing
smooth-filing
The file is moved backwards and forwards
9.
What would you use a half-round file for?
Detail
Inside curves
Outside curves
Sudden line changes
A flatfile has sharp edges that would easily catch on the work piece
10.
Small pieces of wood and plastics can be trimmed on what kind of machine?
Machine drill
Photocopier machine
Sanding machine
Scraping machine
A machine drill is used for making holes
Author:  Frank Evans

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