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Case Study Australia 01
Native Australians are called Aboriginal.

Case Study Australia 01

This KS3 Geography quiz asks questions about Australia. For at least 40,000 years before European settlement in the late 18th century, Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians distinguished as either Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islanders. They lived in hunter-gatherer communities and lived off the land. As with the majority of indigenous people, they lived sustainably and developed.

Australia has a lot of mineral resources, including gold. It also proved to be suitable for raising cattle and sheep. When the early settlers from Europe found gold, diamonds and other precious gemstones, they drove the native Australians from their lands. The same happened as large farms (first mainly sheep and then later, cattle) were developed. Some of the Aboriginals were killed and some died from diseases brought over by the settlers to which they had no resistance. As more settlers arrived, the main cities grew around the natural harbours.

1.
Why do very few people live in central Australia?
It has a desert climate
It is an earthquake zone
The shops are expensive
There are too many poisonous spiders
Temperatures can reach 50°C in summer!
2.
Australia's native people have what name?
Aboriginals
Ainu
Bruce
Maoris
They probably migrated to Australia from Asia approx. 50,000 years ago
3.
The Kimberley region is known for mining which of the following?
Bauxite
Coal
Diamonds
Iron ore
Kimberley is in the north-west of the country. Just to confuse everyone, there is another famous Kimberley in South Africa, also famous for mining diamonds!
4.
What is found around Australia's northern coast?
Desert
Ice sheets
Tropical grassland
Tropical rainforest
A result of the heavy rainfall and high temperatures
5.
Which region has the highest population density?
North coast
North-west coast
South-east coast
The centre
The cities of Sydney, Melbourne and Canberra are located here
6.
Which is Australia's only major inland city?
Brisbane
Canberra
Perth
Sydney
It is a purpose-built capital city that dates from the early part of the 20th century
7.
Which mountain range lies in south-east Australia?
Australian Alps
Australian Andes
Australian Himalayas
Australian Pennines
Mount Kosciuszko, Australia's highest peak at 2,228 metres (7,310 ft) above sea level, is part of this mountain range
8.
Most of Australia's cities grew around what?
Forests
Lakes
Natural harbours
Volcanoes
Very important for trade with other countries
9.
In the 18th century Britain sent what type of people to Australia?
Convicts
Naughty schoolchildren
Policemen
Politicians
The penal colony was set up at Botany Bay
10.
Australia is the world's largest exporter of what?
Coffee
Diamonds
Tin
Wool
The sheep ranches are much larger than sheep farms in Britain
Author:  Jan Crompton

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