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European Flags 2
One country is named after a mountain within it. Find out which in this quiz.

European Flags 2

The population of Europe is 739,165,000 - that's roughly one tenth of the world's population as a whole. The continent contains more than 60 cities with over 1 million residents, the largest of these being Moscow, with more than 15 million inhabitants. Istanbul is second largest (13.6 million) and London third (12.5 million).

The growth of population in Europe is slowing down though and, perhaps because of this, the average age of the population is increasing. In 2005, 9 of the 10 countries in the world with the highest average age were European. Only one country - Japan - had an older population.

All of these people - nearly 3/4 of a billion, old and young alike - live in over 50 countries, principalities and territories, each with their own flag. This quiz is about just ten of those.

1.
Which Central European country is represented by this flag? It was formed in 1993 and has a population of 10.5 million.
Czech Republic
Hungary
Slovenia
Switzerland
The Czech Republic has its origins in the Kingdom of Bohemia. This was a part of the Austrian Empire and, following World War One, it became independent and was renamed Czechoslovakia. In 1993 the country split into two new nations, the Czech Republic and Slovakia
2.
This flag represents which country? It became a kingdom in 1025 under King Boleslaus the Brave
Romania
Lithuania
Austria
Poland
The Kingdom of Poland ceased to exist in the 18th century, when it was divided between the Russians, the Prussians and the Austrians. The nation regained its independence in 1918, in the aftermath of World War One
3.
This flag belongs to which country, whose capital city is Sofia?
Macedonia
Iceland
Bulgaria
Finland
The country, which was united in 681 AD by Emperor Asparukh, had become a part of the Ottoman Empire in the 14th century. Bulgaria regained its independence in 1908
4.
Which country, with the highest population in the EU, is represented by this flag?
Poland
Germany
Austria
France
Germany has a population of 80 million and is a founding member of the EU. It can trace its origins back to the Holy Roman Empire, which was founded in 962, though Germany itself did not become a nation until 1871
5.
This flag represents which country, whose capital city is Tirana?
Denmark
Austria
Iceland
Albania
Albania was formed in 1912, when it gained independence from the Ottoman Empire. The current flag, adopted in 1992, shows a two-headed eagle, symbol of the Albanian Royal Family, despite Albania having become a republic in 1925
6.
Which British Overseas Territory is represented by this flag?
Isle of Man
Jersey
Gibraltar
Guernsey
Gibraltar has been a British territory since 1704 when it was captured from the Spanish. It is strategically placed at the entrance to the Mediterranean Sea and has been an important British naval base. Despite Spanish claims to Gibraltar, the people there have twice (1967 and 2002) voted in referendums for Gibraltar to remain a British territory
7.
To which country does this flag belong? Its population is slightly more than that of the English city of Sheffield, and its capital city is Podgorica.
Macedonia
Serbia
Montenegro
Slovenia
625,266 people live in Montenegro, which sits on the eastern shore of the Adriatic Sea. The name Montenegro literally means 'Black Mountain' - perhaps a reference to one of its many peaks, the tallest of which being Zla Kolata which is 8,314 ft (2,534 metres) high
8.
Which country, which declared its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, is represented by this flag?
Georgia
Albania
Ukraine
Turkey
The Georgian flag displays the cross of St George, after whom the nation is named. Georgia actually has two patron Saints: St George and St Nino. The latter converted the king of Georgia, Mirian III, to Christianity circa 327 AD
9.
This is the flag of France, adopted in 1794 after the French Revolution. White has been the colour of France throughout history, but the red and blue on the flag were the symbols of which French city?
Marseille
Paris
Lyons
Toulouse
When the Bastille was stormed in 1789, the Paris Militia had been wearing red and blue cockades in their hats. The colours were adopted by the revolutionaries and added to the new French flag. Between 1790 and 1794 the order of the colours was reversed; red, white, blue instead of the current blue, white red
10.
This is the flag of which principality, which has borders with both France and Spain?
Liechtenstein
Andorra
Monaco
San Marino
The flag of Andorra is almost identical to that of Romania, with two differences: the central yellow band is slightly wider than the red and blue in the flag of Andorra (with a ratio of 8:9:8), and the Andorran flag is emblazoned with the nation's coat of arms

 

Author:  Graeme Haw

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