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North and South American Flags 3
Sunset over the Amazon - one of the natural wonders of South America.

North and South American Flags 3

The New World, or the Americas, is the longest north to south length of land in the world. It stretches from the frozen north of Canada to the southern cape of Chile, and is a staggering total of 8,700 miles (14,000 km). That's over 1/3 of the Earth's circumference!

The two longest mountain ranges in the world can be found there; the Andes of South America and the Rocky Mountains of North America. It is also home to two of the world's longest rivers; the Amazon in the south and the Mississippi in the north.

This vast and impressive piece of land contains many other wonders, such as the Grand Canyon and the Amazon Rainforest. It is also the home of many countries and territories. This quiz is about some of these and the flags they use.

1.
This is the flag of which Caribbean country, which became independent from Britain in 1979? Its capital city is Kingstown.
Cuba
Jamaica
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Bermuda
The current flag was adopted in 1985. On it, blue represents the sky and the sea, whilst green is for the islands' vegetation, and yellow is for the sands. The three diamonds (which form the shape of a 'V' for Vincent) illustrate St Vincent's nickname, "Gems of the Antilles"
2.
Which country, formerly known as Dutch Guiana, is represented by this flag? Its capital city is Paramaribo.
French Guiana
Suriname
Bermuda
Sint Maarten
Suriname was once divided between the British and the Dutch. After negotiations in 1667, the British traded their part of Suriname for the Dutch colony New Amsterdam. In honour of the Duke of York, New Amsterdam was renamed New York and it retains that name to this day
3.
This flag belongs to which territory, which is an official part of the European Union?
French Guiana
Caribbean Netherlands
British Virgin Islands
Falkland Islands
French Guiana is officially an overseas department and region of France, and as such it is a part of the EU. In the past French Guiana was home to the notorious prison colony 'Devil's Island' to which a total of 56,000 prisoners were sent. Less than 10% of those imprisoned survived to the end of their sentence
4.
To which country, whose capital city is Santiago, does this flag belong?
Chile
El Salvador
Venezuela
San Salvador
Chile occupies most of the western coast of South America. Though only 217 miles (350 km) from east to west, it stretches some 2,670 miles (4,300 km) from north to south. Chile also claims a large part of Antarctica as its territory which, if accepted, would mean that it runs as far to the south as the actual pole
5.
Which British overseas territory is represented by this flag? Its name, meaning 'eel' in Italian, probably reflects its elongated shape.
Bermuda
Aruba
Curaçao
Anguilla
The Anguillan flag is a blue ensign with a Union Jack and the Anguillan coat of arms. The coat of arms shows three dolphins leaping above the sea. These dolphins are said to represent wisdom, strength and friendship
6.
This flag represents which nation? It is the most populous Spanish speaking country in the world.
Argentina
Peru
Mexico
Brazil
When the colony of New Spain won independence in 1810, the country which emerged named itself after its capital, Mexico City. Mexico City itself got its name from 'Mexico-Tenochtitlan', an Aztec city whose ruins can still be seen in the heart of the modern capital
7.
This flag represents the smallest sovereign state in the Americas, in terms of both area and population. What is its name?
Aruba
Grenada
US Virgin Islands
Saint Kitts and Nevis
What is officially called the 'Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis', gained its independence from Britain in 1983. It was the site of the first Caribbean colonies of both the French and the British, earning it the nickname "Mother Colony of the West Indies"
8.
This flag represents which unincorporated territory of the United States?
Cayman Islands
Puerto Rico
US Virgin Islands
Montserrat
The Puerto Rican flag was first used by revolutionaries who fought unsuccessfully for independence from the Spanish in 1868. The Spanish lost the island to the US in 1898 and the American flag was the only one allowed to be used, until 1952 when Puerto Rico became a commonwealth and the current flag was officially adopted
9.
This is, of course, the flag of the United States of America, but what is its capital city?
New York
Los Angeles
Chicago
Washington D.C.
Washington D.C. is the 23rd largest city in the US, having a population a little over 600,000. It was founded in 1791 especially to be the capital of the newly independent nation, and is named after its first president, George Washington
10.
This is the flag of which country? It shares the island of Hispaniola with one other country; Haiti.
Dominica
El Salvador
St Lucia
Dominican Republic
Christopher Columbus visited Hispaniola during his voyage of 1492. Four years later, what is now the capital of the Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo, became the site of the first permanent European settlement in the Americas

 

Author:  Graeme Haw

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