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Europe - Physical Geography 01
Which river does Paris stand on?

Europe - Physical Geography 01

This KS3 quiz looks at the physical geography of Europe. Europe is the sixth largest of the continents. It has an area of about ten million square kilometres. It contains several mountain ranges including the Alps, Pyrenees and the Urals. The Ural Mountains, the Ural River and the Caucasus Mountains are generally regarded as marking the boundary between Europe and Asia. About one fifth of Europe is classed as mountainous. The highest mountain in Europe is Elbrus, which is also a dormant volcano.

The countries of Eastern Europe and Northern Europe are mainly low lying plains. The East European Plain is the largest landscape feature on the continent, even bigger than the Alps. The longest rivers are in Eastern Europe - the Volga, the Danube and the Ural are all more than 1,500 km in length.

The climate is incredibly varied. Parts of Europe are north of the Arctic circle whilst the southernmost parts lie on the Mediterranean sea. Western Europe has a maritime climate and is generally milder and wetter in the winter than the plains of Eastern Europe, which have a continental climate with very cold and snowy winters plus hot, dry summers.

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1.
Which are the highest mountains in Europe?
Alps
Balkans
Pyrenees
Urals
Even though the highest point of Europe is not in the Alps, overall they have the greatest average height
2.
Which country would you visit to see fjords?
Austria
Netherlands
Norway
Ukraine
A long, deep sea inlet - a submerged glaciated valley
3.
The highest mountain in the Alps has what name?
Mont Blanc
Mont Noir
Mont Rouge
Mont Vert
It is the third highest mountain in Europe
4.
The Massif Central is a mountain range in which country?
Belgium
Denmark
France
Greece
It is the remains of an older mountain range and had active volcanoes until about 6,000 years ago. Technically, these volcanoes are dormant but it is not expected that they will ever erupt again
5.
Paris stands on which river?
Garonne
Loire
Rhone
Seine
The River Seine is officially 777 km long
6.
Norway, Sweden and Finland are part of which region?
Iberia
Scandinavia
The Low Countries
The Ruhr
Scandanavia is a peninsula
7.
Which city does not lie on the River Danube?
Belgrade
Budapest
Stockholm
Vienna
Stockholm is built on fourteen islands where Lake Mälaren meets the Baltic Sea
8.
Europe is best described by which word?
Country
Island
Peninsula
Republic
A peninsula is surrounded by water on three sides
9.
The Pyrenees are mountains separating which two countries?
France and Germany
France and Spain
Germany and Austria
Spain and Portugal
The republic of Andorra lies within the Pyrenees
10.
Europe is separated from North Africa by which sea?
Mediterranean Sea
North Sea
Pacific Ocean
Red Sea
The Mediterranean Sea is classed as being non-tidal. There are actually tides in the Mediterranean Sea, but the difference between high and low tide is so small in most areas that people don't notice
Author:  Jan Crompton

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