This KS3 quiz looks at the physical geography of Europe. Europe is the sixth largest of the continents. It has an area of about ten million square kilometres. It contains several mountain ranges including the Alps, Pyrenees and the Urals. The Ural Mountains, the Ural River and the Caucasus Mountains are generally regarded as marking the boundary between Europe and Asia. About one fifth of Europe is classed as mountainous. The highest mountain in Europe is Elbrus, which is also a dormant volcano.
The countries of Eastern Europe and Northern Europe are mainly low lying plains. The East European Plain is the largest landscape feature on the continent, even bigger than the Alps. The longest rivers are in Eastern Europe - the Volga, the Danube and the Ural are all more than 1,500 km in length.
The climate is incredibly varied. Parts of Europe are north of the Arctic circle whilst the southernmost parts lie on the Mediterranean sea. Western Europe has a maritime climate and is generally milder and wetter in the winter than the plains of Eastern Europe, which have a continental climate with very cold and snowy winters plus hot, dry summers.