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Natural Hazards and Diseases 01
Test your geography skills in this quiz.

Natural Hazards and Diseases 01

This KS3 Geography quiz will challenge you on natural hazards and diseases. There are many different natural hazards faced by humans right around the world. Here in the UK, the two that are most often in the news are flooding and high winds. In other parts of the world, the hazards can be different, for example earthquakes and tsunamis. Tsunami waves travel across oceans at speeds of up to 500mph (800kmh). Out in the ocean, they are barely noticeable. When they reach land, it's a different story. These highly destructive waves can flood large areas to a depth of several metres and destroy almost everything in their path.

In tropical areas like the Caribbean, huge tropical storms called hurricanes (the same as typhoons in the Pacific Ocean or cyclones in the Indian Ocean) cause huge amounts of damage when they reach land. They bring winds of well over 100mph and torrential rain. At the centre of a tropical storm, there is a calm area of clear skies called the eye. But not all natural hazards come from the weather or plate tectonics. In some countries, diseases carried by insects and other animals are a major problem.

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1.
What is the common name for Bilharzia?
Black fever
Dengue fever
Snail fever
Swamp fever
Tropical snail larvae work their way into the body through the feet!
2.
Which disease is not caused by drinking dirty water?
Cholera
Hepatitis
Typhoid
Yellow fever
This is a viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes
3.
The HIV virus can lead to which disease?
AIDS
Bird flu
Mad cow disease
Scarlet fever
In Africa over 1 million people are infected with HIV every year
4.
What is the calm centre of a hurricane called?
The core
The eye
The hub
The swirl
At the centre of the storm, cold air is descending and warming up so there are no clouds and very little wind
5.
Tropical storms in the Caribbean have what name?
Cyclones
Hurricanes
Mistrals
Typhoons
They are called cyclones in the Indian Ocean
6.
Beri beri and rickets are caused by lack of what?
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Starch
Vitamins
Beri beri is lack of vitamin B, rickets a lack of vitamin D
7.
Malaria and which other disease are caused by mosquitoes?
Enteritis
Sleeping sickness
Smallpox
Yellow fever
Sleeping sickness is carried by tsetse flies
8.
What are tropical storms called in the region of the Pacific Ocean?
Chinooks
Dust devils
Tycoons
Typhoons
Most typhoons form between June and November
9.
Which type of mosquito spreads malaria?
Female anopheles
Female mephistopheles
Male amorphous
Male anaphylactic
They breed in stagnant, still water - ditches, swamps etc.
10.
Which MEDC is not at risk from tropical storms?
Australia
Japan
Portugal
USA
In the Atlantic, tropical storms form mainly in the west over the Caribbean Sea
Author:  Jan Crompton

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