Natural Resources 01
Cow dung is a type of biomass fuel.

Natural Resources 01

This KS3 Geography quiz takes a look at natural resources. A natural resource is a material or source of energy that is supplied by nature. Unfortunately, obtaining and using these natural resources can be very destructive to the environment e.g. mining in rainforests. The Industrial Revolution in the UK was powered by the natural resource of coal. Coal is a fossil fuel and when it is burnt, it releases harmful gases like sulfur dioxide and carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Someday, there will be no fossil fuels left - they are non-renewable resources.

Using natural resources other than fossil fuels to produce energy is often cleaner for the environment. It is also better for us as they are renewable - they will last as long as the Earth lasts. Hydroelectric power (HEP) is a method of generating electricity using the energy of water flowing downhill. Wind turbines can be built to generate electricity from the energy of the wind. Fuel is only burnt as they are being manufactured and set up. The biggest disadvantage is that the energy in the environment is not as concentrated as in a fossil fuel. This means that a large area is needed to generate as much electricity as one fossil fuel power station.

1.
Which problem is not caused by burning fossil fuels?
Acid rain
Global warming
Smog
The hole in the ozone layer
The release of CFC gases damages the ozone layer
2.
Coal, oil and natural gas can be described how?
Expendable
Infinite
Non-renewable
Renewable
Once used they cannot be replaced
3.
Which of these is not a biomass fuel?
Cow dung
Firewood
Peat
Uranium
Biomass fuels work in the same way as fossil fuels. They have been formed in recent times, not millions of years in the past
4.
How are coal, oil and natural gas collectively known?
Clean fuels
Fossil fuels
Prehistoric fuels
Recycled fuels
Formed from fossil remains of plants and animals millions of years ago
5.
Which of these is not a natural resource?
Fish
Plastic
Topsoil
Trees
Plastic doesn't occur in nature - it's man-made
6.
Trees give out which gas?
Carbon Dioxide
Methane
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Actually, they do that only during the day. Oxygen is a waste product from photosynthesis. All plants, not just trees, produce oxygen in the daytime
7.
The letters HEP refer to what type of power?
Heated Electrical
Highly Explosive
Hugely Expensive
Hydro Electric
The very first hydroelectric system was built in the county of Northumberland by the engineer William Armstrong at his home Cragside, near the town of Rothbury
8.
What form of power uses heat from below ground?
Geothermal
Hydro Electric
Solar
Tidal
This is useful in countries like Iceland and Italy where there are active volcanoes
9.
Bauxite is a mineral that can be made into what?
Aluminium
Steel
Tin
Zinc
One of the uses of aluminium is to make drinks cans
10.
Which of these statements is true?
Most UK homes are powered by solar panels
HEP does not damage the environment
The world gets 5% of its electricity from non-fossil fuels
Wind turbines work well in coastal locations
About 25% of the world's electricity comes from non-fossil fuels. This figure is increasing all the time so by the time you are reading this, it will probably be even more!
Author:  Jan Crompton

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