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Settlement 01
This photo shows a row of terraced houses.

Settlement 01

This KS3 quiz asks questions about settlement. In Geography a 'settlement' means a community of people - it can be permanent or temporary, large or small. On an O.S. map, modern settlements are marked out by showing the buildings but very old ones that have been abandoned for thousands of years are normally simply marked with the word 'settlement'. The buildings of early settlements were made with whatever materials were easily available in the landscape but modern settlements are made from a variety of natural materials like stone and synthetic materials like brick, glass and concrete.

Geographers use different words to describe settlements. They are called urban areas and the edge of a large settlement like a town or city is called the urban - rural fringe. A nucleated settlement has a central area that is often the main place for commerce. This is the CBD which stands for the Central Business District. Around this central area, homes, offices, public buildings and shops are built. Some settlements are described as being linear. The buildings are strung out alongside a road.

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1.
Burgess made a 1924 land use model for which city?
Chicago
Edinburgh
London
New York
It has now been used to describe and explain land use in many other cities
2.
Which of these settlements is the smallest?
Conurbation
Hamlet
Town
Village
A hamlet has a few houses and no services
3.
What type of houses are joined together in a line?
Detached
Prefabricated
Semi-detached
Terraced
Built from the 19th century onwards
4.
Settlements that follow a transport route are called what?
Elongated
Lateral
Linear
Serpentine
Linear settlements sometimes follow a valley floor as it is easier and cheaper to build there than on the sloping sides of valleys
5.
To help understand settlements we use a land use what?
Estimate
Model
Project
Scale
Models simplify a real situation
6.
A housing area on the edge of a town is called what?
Sub-standard
Subterfuge
Subterranean
Suburb
The 'suburbs' of cities developed as people started to earn more money and wanted to live in larger houses that had gardens
7.
What means the location of a settlement in relation to surrounding features?
Function
Relief
Site
Situation
A settlement can have a valley situation, be situated on a river or in the mountains. These are just a few examples of how to describe the situation of a settlement
8.
The edge of an urban area is the rural-urban what?
Fence
Fringe
Parting
Partition
New shopping centres are built here as the land is cheaper and access is easier than if they were in the centre of the urban area
9.
The function of a settlement can be what?
Its age
Its shape
The land it is built on
The uses people have for it
Function can also be the reason why it was built
10.
In what settlement are buildings closely grouped?
Concentrated
Condensed
Focused
Nucleated
They are criss-crossed by a network of roads
Author:  Jan Crompton

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