This KS3 quiz asks questions about settlement. In Geography a 'settlement' means a community of people - it can be permanent or temporary, large or small. On an O.S. map, modern settlements are marked out by showing the buildings but very old ones that have been abandoned for thousands of years are normally simply marked with the word 'settlement'. The buildings of early settlements were made with whatever materials were easily available in the landscape but modern settlements are made from a variety of natural materials like stone and synthetic materials like brick, glass and concrete.
Geographers use different words to describe settlements. They are called urban areas and the edge of a large settlement like a town or city is called the urban - rural fringe. A nucleated settlement has a central area that is often the main place for commerce. This is the CBD which stands for the Central Business District. Around this central area, homes, offices, public buildings and shops are built. Some settlements are described as being linear. The buildings are strung out alongside a road.