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Settlement 02
Building is restricted in which 'belt'? Find out in this quiz.

Settlement 02

This KS3 Geography quiz takes a second look at settlements. Villages and towns are two types of settlement. A settlement conventionally includes its constructed facilities such as roads, enclosures, field systems, boundary banks and ditches, ponds, parks and woods, mills, manor houses, moats and churches. Most settlements have developed naturally and increased gradually in size, so the roads don't follow any particular pattern. In America and Australia, settlements are relatively new and are more likely to be set out with straight roads in a grid pattern.

Housing forms a large percentage of the buildings in any city. During the Industrial Revolution, factory owners built large numbers of small terraced houses so that their workforce could get to the factory easily - workers would have no excuse to be late and the owners could charge their workers rent. During the 1930s, more and more people were earning enough money to buy their own houses. This is when the idea of the suburban semi took hold. Pairs of houses were built on larger plots than the Victorian terraced houses on the urban - rural fringe.

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1.
Semi-detached houses were first built in large numbers in which decade?
1900s
1930s
1960s
1980s
At the time they were built, they were on the edges of urban areas
2.
Settlements with widely spread buildings are called what?
Disjointed
Dispersed
Segregated
Split-level
For example a small or medium-sized settlement in a mountainous area is likely to be dispersed. Cities are seldom dispersed
3.
What would you expect to find most of in the CBD?
Detached houses
Farmland
Parks
Businesses and offices
There will be some housing but not a great deal
4.
Expanding into the rural-urban fringe is called urban what?
Ballooning
Extension
Sprawl
Stretch
As the population increases, there is a greater need for housing and businesses. Land at the centre of an urban area is limited and expensive
5.
Which of these is an inner city benefit?
Poor housing
High rates of crime
Access to public transport
Traffic congestion
It is usually faster and easier to get around large city centres by using public transport than by using your own car
6.
A house joined to another on only one side is called what?
Demi-terraced
Detached
Maisonette
Semi-detached
A house that is not joined to another is called detached
7.
Where in a city is land most expensive?
CBD
Council estates
Inner suburbs
Outer suburbs
Only large shops and offices can afford to locate there
8.
Terraced houses were originally built for which group of people?
Factory owners
Factory workers
Policemen
Single mothers
They were built within walking distance of factories
9.
What is the area of ground on which a settlement is built?
Form
Layout
Site
Situation
Sites can be small (e.g. a building site) or large (e.g. the site of a city)
10.
Building is restricted in which zone?
Black belt
Eco belt
Green belt
Open belt
Green belts are designed to prevent urban sprawl. As the population of the UK has increased, green belts are coming under more pressure because of a need for more housing
Author:  Jan Crompton

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