This KS3 Geography quiz asks questions about farming in the UK. There are many specialist terms that are applied to farming. In Britain, there are three main types of farm. In fertile areas like Lincolnshire and East Anglia, most of the farms grow crops only. These are called arable farms. In upland areas, like the Pennines, Wales and Southern Uplands of Scotland, the soils and climate are not suited to growing crops and so farms are pastoral. A pastoral farm raises animals, usually cattle or sheep, although some farmers are now experimenting with other species. A farm that raises both animals and grows crops is called a mixed farm.
In LEDCs (for example, most of the countries in Africa) many farms are subsistence farms. They produce food only for the farmer and their family. Farms that produce high yields of crops or have a large number of animals are called intensive farms. Many lowland UK farms fall into this category and they use fertilisers and other methods to increase their output. Organic farms are farms on which the farmer uses only natural fertilisers and pest control. These farms are not intensive and have lower yields. That is the reason that organic food costs more.