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Periods - Impressionism
A family enjoying a game of Frisbee - like the soldiers in this quiz?

Periods - Impressionism

The Impressionist artistic movement began in 1873 when a group of artists including Claude Monet and Edgar Degas came together to exhibit their work.. They were joined by others and a total of 30 artists showed off their paintings 8 times between 1874 and 1886. The Impressionist movement which arose from these exhibitions was a revolt against the Realist style which was the accepted standard in France at the time. Up until then young artists had needed to get their works accepted by the Salon de Paris in order to get exposure. The Impressionist exhibitions put an end to this.

Impressionist paintings are marked by their lighter brush strokes and their use of brighter colours. Their subjects are usually landscapes or still lifes and they pay little attention to detail, instead giving the viewer an impression of their subject.

The name 'Impressionism' comes from a harsh review of Monet's painting, Impression Sunrise, which read, "Impression—I was certain of it. I was just telling myself that, since I was impressed, there had to be some impression in it ... and what freedom, what ease of workmanship! Wallpaper in its embryonic state is more finished than that seascape." The term 'Impressionist' soon caught on - even amongst the artists themselves.

During the 1880s some artists, such as Vincent van Gogh and Paul Gauguin, began to develop their own ideas based on the Impressionist example. Their work came to be known as known as Post-Impressionism.

For a closer look at the pictures, please click on them to enlarge.
1.
Molesey Regatta was painted by the British Impressionist Alfred Sisley. How many oil paintings did Sisley produce in his lifetime?
Between 20 - 30
Between 80 - 90
Between 200 - 300
Between 800 - 900
He painted almost 900 oils, the vast majority of which were landscapes.
Sisley spent most of his life in France and applied twice for French citizenship. His first application was refused, and he died before his second application was dealt with
2.
This 1874 work, Boating, was painted at Argentuille where the Seine River flows north out of Paris. Who was the artist who painted it?
Édouard Manet
Vincent van Gogh
Claude Monet
Toulouse-Lautrec
Manet spent part of the summer of 1874 at Argentuille with his friends and fellow Impressionists Monet and Renoir. The man in the painting is thought to be Manet's brother in law but the identity of the woman is unknown.
Fellow artist Mary Cassatt saw Boating in 1879 and described it as "the last word in painting"
3.
The Child's Bath was painted in 1893 by Mary Cassatt, the only artist from which country to exhibit her work alongside the French Impressionists?
The United Kingdom
Australia
The United States
Canada
Cassatt was invited to show her paintings with the Impressionists by Edgar Degas in 1877. Cassatt's works tended to concentrate on the human figure, particularly on women and children. The Child’s Bath is considered to be one of her best paintings
4.
This 1877 painting of a city street on a rainy day is considered to be Gustave Caillebotte's masterpiece, but which city does it show?
Amsterdam
Paris
London
New York
The scene is of Paris where the Impressionist movement was centred. The painting appeared in the third Impressionist exhibition in 1877 when Caillebotte was 29 years old. He was already a wealthy man and he played a large role in organising the exhibition
5.
Sunset at Ivry, a suburb of Paris, was painted in 1873 by Armand Guillaumin. Despite taking part in six of the eight Impressionist exhibitions Guillaumin enjoyed little success and had to carry on with his day job. He was finally able to quit his job and concentrate on his art in 1891 after what event?
After he reached retirement age
After he inherited his father's wealth
After he won the lottery
After he married a duchess
When Guillaumin was 50 years old he won 100,000 francs in the state lottery. Before this he had worked in a lingerie shop and for the government-run railway
6.
The Cradle was painted by Berthe Morisot, one of three women (the others being Marie Bracquemond and Mary Cassatt) who were collectively known as what?
Les trois artistes féminines (the three feminine artists)
Les trois grands-tantes (the three great-aunts)
Les trois porteurs de pinceau (the three brush bearers)
Les trois grandes dames (the three leading ladies)
The phrase was coined in 1894 by the art critic and historian Gustave Geffroy. Morisot was a respected artist in her own right, having six of her works accepted by the Salon before she joined the Impressionist's exhibitions. She became the sister-in-law of her friend and colleague Édouard Manet, when she married his brother Eugèney
7.
Landscape at Pontoise is one of the few Impressionist paintings by Camille Pissarro to survive. He fled France for Britain after the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War. When he returned he found that soldiers had used his paintings as what?
As Frisbees
As blankets
As fuel for fires
As floor mats
Of the 1,500 paintings Pissarro had left behind, only forty remained when he returned. Most of those lost were in the Impressionist style which Pissarro had since dropped in favour of the Post-Impressionist style. He was a friend and influence to all four of the major Post-Impressionists: Georges Seurat, Paul Cézanne, Vincent van Gogh and Paul Gauguin
8.
This 1873 painting by French Impressionist Edgar Degas is of a cotton office in which North American city?
Detroit
Quebec
New Orleans
Baton Rouge
Degas travelled to New Orleans in 1872 to visit his uncle who owned a cotton business, the office of which Degas painted.
This painting was the first Impressionist work to be purchased by a museum. Degas himself disliked the term Impressionist and preferred to call himself a Realist
9.
This 1885 painting of cliffs by Claude Monet was painted in which small town, a place which the artist used as inspiration for over 50 of his paintings?
Étretat
Lyme Regis
Auderville
Saint Helier
Monet visited Étretat every year between 1883 and 1886. He was not the only artist to find the place inspirational. Gustave Courbet also painted there and the writer Guy de Maupassant set several of his stories there. He often met up in the town with Monet
10.
This 1876 painting A Girl with a Watering Can is by which French Impressionist?
Laura Muntz Lyall
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Joaquín Sorolla
Edgar Degas
Before he became successful Renoir painted many light pictures of women and children, like this one, hoping that they would prove popular or that they might attract portrait commissions

 

Author:  Graeme Haw

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